NASA Breaking News

NASA Establishes Institute to Explore New Ways to Protect Astronauts

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Jul 20, 2016

NASA is joining with Baylor College of Medicine in Houston to operate a new institute charged with researching and developing innovative approaches to reduce risks to humans on long-duration exploration missions, including NASAs Journey to Mars. Read full story.

NASAs Hubble Telescope Makes First Atmospheric Study of Earth-Sized Exoplanets

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Jul 20, 2016

Using NASAs Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have conducted the first search for atmospheres around temperate, Earth-sized planets beyond our solar system and found indications that increase the chances of habitability on two exoplanets. Read full story.

NASA, Industry Boost Opportunities for Small Businesses with Mentor-Protg Agreement

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Jul 18, 2016

NASA and Boeing will announce a Small Business Mentor-Protg Program agreement Tuesday, July 26, at Boeing's Commercial Crew and Cargo Processing Facility (C3PF) at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Read full story.

NASA Selects Five Mars Orbiter Concept Studies

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Jul 18, 2016

NASA has selected five U.S. aerospace companies to conduct concept studies for a potential future Mars orbiter mission. Such a mission would continue key capabilities including telecommunications and global high-resolution imaging in support of the agencys Journey to Mars. Read full story.

NASA Scientists to Discuss 2016 Climate Trends, Impacts

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Jul 18, 2016

Climate experts from NASA will discuss recent trends in global temperatures and Arctic sea ice, as well as research now underway to better understand their impacts, during a media teleconference at 1 p.m. EDT Tuesday, July 19. Read full story.

NASA Education News

Wallops Interns Inspire the Next Generation

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Jul 21, 2016

Children and grandchildren of employees descended on NASAs Wallops Flight Facility June 21 to learn about potential careers during the Inspire the Next Gerneration Day. Read full story.

NASA Establishes Institute to Explore New Ways to Protect Astronauts

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Jul 20, 2016

NASA is joining with Baylor College of Medicine in Houston to operate a new institute charged with researching and developing innovative approaches to reduce risks to humans on long-duration exploration missions, including NASAs Journey to Mars. Read full story.

NASA to Discuss Next Mars Rover on Facebook Live

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Jul 14, 2016

NASA will host a Facebook Live event at 1 p.m. EDT Friday, July 15, to talk about the science and technology aboard NASA's next Mars rover, Mars 2020, and the significant step the agency is taking on its Journey to Mars, proceeding with final design and construction of the robotic explorer. Read full story.

NASA Highlights Space Station Research Benefits, Opportunities at San Diego Conference

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Jul 7, 2016

NASA astronauts, engineers and scientists will be joined by CNNs Dr. Sanjay Gupta, retired astronauts Mark and Scott Kelly, and other special guests, for a three-day, in-depth conversation about the International Space Station (ISS) as a catalyst for discovery during the fifth annual ISS Research & Development Conference July 12-14 in San Diego. Read full story.

NASA Glenn Inspires Girls through Career Day Event

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Jul 7, 2016

NASAs Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, will host its second Girls in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) event from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. on Tuesday, July 12. Fifty sixth through eighth grade students from Clevelands surrounding area will participate in a day of STEM fun! Read full story.

NASA Image of the Day

The Loneliest Young Star

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Jul 27, 2016

An unusual celestial object called CX330 was first detected as a source of X-ray light in 2009. It has been launching jets of material into the gas and dust around it. Read full story.

Cockpit of the First All-Electric Propulsion Aircraft

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Jul 26, 2016

NASAs Scalable Convergent Electric Propulsion Technology and Operations Research (SCEPTOR) project has reached a critical milestone, where the electric propulsion integration and conversion of the Tecnam P2006T aircraft into the X-57 will commence. Read full story.

Hubble Views a Galaxy Fit to Burst

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Jul 25, 2016

This NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image reveals the vibrant core of the galaxy NGC 3125. Discovered by John Herschel in 1835, NGC 3125 is a great example of a starburst galaxy a galaxy in which unusually high numbers of new stars are forming, springing to life within intensely hot clouds of gas. Read full story.

Aquanauts Splash Down, Beginning NEEMO 21 Research Mission

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Jul 22, 2016

The NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO) 21 mission began on July 21, 2016, as an international crew of aquanauts splashed down to the undersea Aquarius Reef Base, 62 feet below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean. The NEEMO 21 crew will perform research both inside and outside the habitat during a 16-day simulated space mission. Read full story.

NASA's Hubble Looks to the Final Frontier

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Jul 21, 2016

This view of a massive cluster of galaxies unveils a very cluttered-looking universe filled with galaxies near and far. Some are distorted like a funhouse mirror through a "space warp" phenomenon first predicted by Einstein a century ago. Read full story.

International Space Station Reports

ISS Daily Summary Report 07/27/16

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Jul 27, 2016

Biological Rhythms 48 Holter and Actiwatch Removal and Data Save: Upon completion of the Biological Rhythms recording session, today the crewmember removed the Digital Walk Holter Electrocardiogram (ECG) and the Actiwatch Spectrum from his body and saved the data collected from the holter and the multi-media card to the medical laptop. This concluded a series of activities for the Biological Rhythms experiment where two separate 24-hour Actiwatch measurement sessions were performed to study the effects of long-term microgravity exposure on heart functions by analyzing an astronauts electrocardiogram for 48 hours. Fluid Shifts Operations: With operator assistance from the ground team, crewmembers continued the first week of the Fluid Shifts experiment run by configuring the Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) hardware, the Cerebral and Cochlear Fluid Pressure (CCFP) analyzer, and the Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emission (DPOAE) hardware, before completing a DPOAE test, OCT exam, Tonometry exam, and a CCFP test. The Fluids Shift investigation is divided into three segments: Dilution Measures, Baseline Imaging, and Baseline Imaging using the Russian Chibis Lower Body Negative Pressure (LBNP) device. The experiment measures how much fluid shifts from the lower body to the upper body, in or out of cells and blood vessels, and determines the impact these shifts have on fluid pressure in the head, changes in vision and eye structures. Heart Cells Microscope Operations: The crew set up the Heart Cells microscope and removed the BioCell Habitat from the Space Automated Bioproduct Lab (SABL) and the Multiwell BioCell from the BioCell Habitat. These items were inserted into the microscope before conducting Heart Cells operations and placing the Multiwell BioCell back into BioCell Habitat and stowing the BioCell habitat inside SABL-1. The investigation studies the human heart, specifically how heart muscle tissue, contracts, grows and changes (gene expression) in microgravity and how those changes vary between subjects. Understanding how heart muscle cells, or cardiomyocytes, change in space improves efforts for studying disease, screening drugs and conducting cell replacement therapy for future space missions. Mouse Epigenetics Maintenance Operations: The crew conducted standard maintenance operations by exchanging the food cartridge of the Mouse Habitat Cage Unit and completing Transportation Cage Unit dryout activities. The investigation studies altered gene expression patterns in the organs of male mice that spend one month in space as well as changes in the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of their offspring. Results from the investigation identify genetic alterations that happen after exposure to the microgravity environment of space. Fine Motor Skills: A series of interactive tasks on a touchscreen tablet were completed for the Fine Motor Skills investigation. This investigation is critical during long-duration space missions, particularly those skills needed to interact with technologies required in next-generation space vehicles, spacesuits, and habitats. The crewmembers fine motor skills are also necessary for performing tasks in transit or on a planetary surface, such as information access, just-in-time training, subsystem maintenance, and medical treatment. Habitability Human Factors Directed Observations: The crew recorded and submitted a walk-through video documenting observations of life onboard ISS, providing insight related to human factors and habitability. The Habitability investigation collects observations about the relationship between crew members and their environment on the ISS. Observations can help spacecraft designers understand how much habitable volume is required, and whether a missions duration impacts how much space crew members need. Portable Emergency Provisions (PEPS) Inspection: The crew inspected and confirmed that the Portable Fire Extinguishers (PFEs), Extension Hose Tee Kits (EHTKs), Portable Breathing Apparatuses (PBAs) and Pre-Breathe Masks are all free of damage. This maintenance is scheduled every 45 days to ensure continuous functionality of the units. SSRMS Operations for Pressurized Mating Adapter 2 (PMA2) Androgynous Peripheral Attachment System (APAS) Inspection SSRMS ungrappled from SpaceX-9 and used the SSRMS Latch End Effector (LEE) camera to complete the PMA2 APAS inspection in preparation for the International Docking Adapter (IDA) ExtraVehicular Activity (EVA) installation in August. No significant items were noted in the inspection. The PMA2 APAS is Go for IDA installation. Following the PMA2 APAS inspection, the SSRMS was maneuvered to its park position at the pre-grapple for Dragon Flight Release Grapple Fixture (FRGF). Todays Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. CASKAD. Manual Mixing in Bioreactor / r/g 2888 Fine Motor Skills (FINEMOTR) Test Scheduled monthly maintenance of Central Post Laptop. Laptop Log-File Downlink. Scheduled monthly maintenance of Central Post Laptop Laptop log-file dump, Handover FLUID SHIFTS Hardware Setup FLUID SHIFTS Unit Activation Fine Motor Skills (FINEMOTR) Test FLUID SHIFTS Measuring Pressure FLUID SHIFTS Ultrasound Scan Operations MOUSE Equipment setup for the experiment Work Prep BLR48 Saving Experiment Data MCRSCPE Hardware Setup FLUID SHIFTS. Ultrasound 2 keyboard operation assistance during scanning DAN. Experiment Tagup with specialists / r/g 2780 DAN. Experiment Operator Assistance / r/g 2780 BLR48 Data Saving XF305 Camcorder Settings Adjustment MOUSE Habitat Cage Unit Maintenance HRTCEL Biocell Sample Insertion into Microscope Crew Onboard Training (OBT) Self-Assessment Questionnaire HRTCEL Experiment Ops FLUID SHIFTS Test with the use of CCFP Analyzer FLUID SHIFTS OCT Baseline Exam FLUID SHIFTS. Tonometer Eye Test with Remote Guidance FLUID SHIFTS Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emission (DPOAE) measurement Test FLUID SHIFTS. Hardware Deactivation and Stowage Inspection of Portable Breathing Apparatus (PBA) and Portable Fire Extinguisher (PFE) Verification of -1 Flow Sensor Position MCRSCPE Microscope Exam Ops FLUID SHIFTS. Tonometry Test BIOPLENKA. Removal of cassette No.3-4 from CRYOGEM-03 thermostat, Fixation of Constanta No.3-4 cassette biofilm and setup in - No.04. AQM Cartridge Replacement FLUID SHIFTS. Tonometer Exam Operator FLUID SHIFTS Tonometer Exam FLUID SHIFTS DOFF Exam FLUID SHIFTS. Hardware Removal and Stowage Transfer water from Progress 433 (DC1) Rodnik H2O Tank 1 to SM Rodnik Water Tank 1, Equipment Configuration / r/g 2921 Vacuum cleaning ventilation grille on FGB interior panels (201, 301, 401) PILOT-T. Experiment Ops r/g 2922 Preparing for SM command generator R&R (procedure review, tool gathering, and work site setup) HABIT Habitability Walk-Through Video Transfer water from Progress 433 (DC1) Rodnik H2O Tank 1 to SM Rodnik H2O Tank 1, compressor restart POLAR1 Replacement of consumables MRTIME Installation of Radio TEPC […] Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report 07/26/16

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Jul 26, 2016

Biological Rhythms 48 Multi Media Card Exchange: The crew stopped the first half of the 24-hour recording that began yesterday and changed out the Multi Media Card and battery of the Digital Walk Holter ECG, then began the second half of the 24-hour recording. The objective of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) Biological Rhythms 48 is to study the effects of long-term microgravity exposure on heart function by analyzing an astronauts electrocardiogram for 48 hours. Fluid Shifts: Crewmembers continued Fluid Shifts operations by configuring the Refrigerated Centrifuge for sample load operations, conducting body (blood, urine, and saliva) sample collections and stowing the samples in a MELFI (Minus Eighty-degree Freezer for ISS). Fluid Shifts is a joint USOS – Russian experiment that measures how much fluid shifts from the lower body to the upper body, in or out of cells and blood vessels, and determines the impact these shifts have on fluid pressure in the head, changes in vision and eye structures JEM Airlock (JEM AL) Operations: With assistance from the ground team, the crew completed Airlock Control and Display Unit-Remote Control (ACDU-RC) checkout and JEM AL labeling activities. They also removed the Handhold Experiment Platform Adapter from the Multi-Purpose Experiment Platform (MPEP) prior to removing MPEP from the Small Fine Arm (SFA) Airlock Attachment Mechanism (SAM) which is on the JEMAL slide table. This is in preparation for next weeks planned installation of NanoRacks External Platform (NREP). At Home in Space Questionnaire: The crew completed a questionnaire for the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) At Home in Space experiment which assesses culture, values, and psychosocial adaptation of astronauts to a space environment shared by multinational crews on long-duration missions. It is hypothesized that astronauts develop a shared space culture that is an adaptive strategy for handling cultural differences and they deal with the isolated confined environment of the space craft by creating a home in space. At Home in Space investigates individual and culturally related differences, family functioning, values, coping with stress, and post-experience growth. Microbial Check Valve (MCV) Orbital Replacement Unit (ORU) Remove & Replace (R&R): The Water Processing Assembly (WPA) has been experiencing high pressure faults when in reprocess mode due to high delta pressure across the MCV. The old MCV was installed following a failed R&R in 2015 and was degraded. Today the crew replaced the MCV with a spare delivered on SpX-9. The WPA is currently in process mode and data indicates the delta pressure has returned to normal levels. Transition to the Power Management Control Application (PMCA) and Photovoltaic Control Application (PVCA) R5 Software Suite: The X2 PMPV R5 software transition began over the weekend and continued through today. Yesterday the software was pushed to the Backup Photovoltaic Control Unit (PVCU) Multiplexer-Demultiplexers (MDMs) [PVCU-3B, PVCU-3A, PVCU-4A and PVCU-2B], which were then transitioned to Primary. Today the software was pushed to the remaining PVCU MDMs [PVCU-1A, PVCU-1B, PVCU-2A, and PVCU-4B]. After the software loads were completed, the MDMs were transitioned from backup to primary. This returned the MDMs in their final desired Prime/Backup configuration. Dragon Cargo Operations: The crew has unloaded all cargo from the vehicle. The crew completed 2.5 hours of cargo packing and loading for return. Todays Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. BIOPLENKA. Removal of cassette No.3-2 from CRYOGEM-03 thermostat, Fixation of Constanta No.3-2 cassette biofilm and setup in - No.04 r/g 2908 FLUID SHIFTS. Saliva Test FLUID SHIFTS. MELFI Urine Sample Insertion FLUID SHIFTS. Urine Sample Collection FLUID SHIFTS. MELFI Urine Sample Insertion FLUID SHIFTS. Basic blood values FLUID SHIFTS Blood Collection FLUID SHIFTS Refrigerated Centrifuge Configuration FLUID SHIFTS. Water Collection from the Galley and taking radioisotope marker BLR48 – starting measurement AHIS Questionnaire Completion FLUID SHIFTS. Refrigerated Centrifuge Spin Conclude FLUID SHIFTS. MELFI Urine Sample Insertion FLUID SHIFTS. Urine Sample Collection XF305 Camcorder Settings Adjustment JEM Airlock Inner Hatch Open Filling (separation) of () for Elektron r/g 2851 FLUID SHIFTS. MELFI Urine Sample Insertion CASKAD. Manual Mixing in Bioreactor / r/g 2888 JEM Airlock Monitor JEM AL Slide Table extension to JPM HXP ADPTR Adapter Removal Maintenance MPEP Removal of MPEP from Small Fine Arm (SAM) Part 1 JEM Airlock Releasing Capture Mechanism MPEP Removal of MPEP from Small Fine Arm (SAM) (assistance) MPEP Removal of MPEP from Small Fine Arm (SAM) Part 2 BIOCARD. Operator Assistance During the Experiment / r/g 1907 BIOCARD. Experiment r/g 1907 SSIPC Management / ISS Crew Tagup Virus Definition File Update on Auxiliary Computer System () Laptops FLUID SHIFTS Blood Collection FLUID SHIFTS. 3-Hour Blood Collection, Subject SFA Remove Small Fine Arm (SFA) SAM from JEM AL Slide Table FLUID SHIFTS Refrigerated Centrifuge Configuration FLUID SHIFTS. 3-hour Saliva Collection, Subject FLUID SHIFTS. MELFI Urine Sample Insertion FLUID SHIFTS Cerebral and Cochlear Fluid Pressure (CCFP) Analyzer Device Baseline Setup VIZIR. Fit check assessment for installation of Photo Image Coordinate Reference System r/g 2907 Replacement of FGB Power Supply System 4 Module 800 (A74) unit FLUID SHIFTS. Refrigerated Centrifuge Spin Conclude FLUID SHIFTS. MELFI Urine Sample Insertion SFA Removal of Small Fine Arm (SFA) Airlock Attachment Mechanism (SAM) from JEM Airlock (AL) Slide Table (assistance) OCT Hardware Setup FLUID SHIFTS Refrigerated Centrifuge Spin Conclude Gathering Microbial Check Valve (MCV) equipment for IFM Access to Microbial Check Valve (MCV) JEM Airlock Monitoring Capture Mechanism motion FLUID SHIFTS. 5-hour Saliva Collection, Subject FLUID SHIFTS. MELFI Urine Sample Insertion FLUID SHIFTS. Urine Sample Collection, Closeout Ops FLUID SHIFTS. MELFI Urine Sample Insertion FLUID SHIFTS. Urine Collection Hardware Stowage JEM Airlock Inner Hatch Closure Health Maintenance System (HMS) Profile of Mood States (POMS) Questionnaire Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), Operator Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), Subject MCV Remove and Replace ALGOMETRIA. Experiment Ops / r/g 2911 BIOPLENKA. Fixation of Constanta No.3-3 cassette biofilm and setup in - No.04 r/g 2909 24-hour ECG Monitoring (termination) / r/g 2892 MCV Close-out Ops Disinfectant dump to 2 containers and SM Rodnik H2O Tank 1 bladder compression / r/g 2910 CALCIUM. Experiment Session 6 / r/g 2906 24-hour BP monitoring […] Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report 07/25/16

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Jul 25, 2016

Biological Research In Canisters (BRIC) 23: Over the weekend, the crew transferred all four of the BRIC-23 canisters that were actuated last week to the Minus Eighty Degree Celsius Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI). Two of the four canisters were transferred to MELFI following a 24-hour growth period and the remaining two canisters were transferred following a 48-hour growth period. The BRIC-23 investigation studies Bacillus subtilis spores and Staphylococcus aureus cells to understand how they respond to the stressful environment of space. Results from this investigation improve the understanding of how microbes adapt to spaceflight, including whether their adaptations change antibiotic effectiveness, which benefits efforts to maintain crew member health. NanoRacks Module 9: Over the weekend the crew completed the second session of the NanoRacks Module-9 experiment by activating, shaking, and deactivating the mixture tubes. The NanoRacks Module-9 experiment is a collection of student research projects utilizing the NanoRacks Mixsticks. Student teams from across the United States design their own experiments using flight approved fluids and materials. The investigation consists of several science experiments flown in a NanoRacks Module on board the ISS. Biological Rhythms 48 Holter Start: Earlier this morning the crew continued the operations phase of the Biological Rhythms experiment by attaching the Digital Walk Holter Electrocardiogram (ECG) and electrodes. The objective of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) Biological Rhythms 48 is to study the effects of long-term microgravity exposure on heart function by analyzing an astronauts electrocardiogram for 48 hours. Mouse Epigenetics Maintenance Operations: The crew refilled water in the Mouse Habitat Cage Unit located in the Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF). The Mouse Epigenetics investigation studies altered gene expression patterns in the organs of male mice that spend one month in space, and also examines changes in the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of their offspring. Results from the investigation identify genetic alterations that happen after exposure to the microgravity environment of space. Fluid Shifts: The crew conducted the first Fluid Shifts operation of this session by configuring the Refrigerated Centrifuge for sample load operations, performing body sample collections and stowing the samples in a MELFI. The crew also collected a galley water sample and stowed in the MELFI prior to ingestion of a Tracer solution from the Tracer Syringe. Fluid Shifts is a joint USOS Russian experiment that measures how much fluid shifts from the lower body to the upper body, in or out of cells and blood vessels, and determines the impact these shifts have on fluid pressure in the head, changes in vision and eye structures. Meteor Hard Drive Change-out: The crew removed and replaced the hard drive in the Meteor Laptop located in the Window Observational Research Facility (WORF). The investigation provides the first space-based measurement of meteor flux as well as monitoring of carbon-based compounds. Continuous measurement of meteor interactions with the Earths atmosphere could also spot previously unforeseen meteor showers. Habitability Human Factors Directed Observations: The crew recorded and submitted a walk-through video documenting observations of life onboard ISS, providing insight related to human factors and habitability. The Habitability investigation collects observations about the relationship between crew members and their environment on the ISS. Observations can help spacecraft designers understand how much habitable volume is required, and whether a missions duration impacts how much space crew members need. Road To Extravehicular Activity (EVA): This week begins preparation tasks for the IDA2 EVA currently scheduled for August 18. Today the crew was scheduled to complete the following EVA Mobility Unit (EMU) tasks, but only completed the first three due to scheduling constraints: Remove EMU 3008 from the Fwd EMU Don/Doff Assembly (EDDA) and stow in the Crew Lock (CL). Remove EMU 3006, which was delivered on SpX-9, from the SEMU Launch Enclosure (SLE), install on the Fwd EDDA and configure for on-orbit operations. Configure and install EMU 3005 in the SLE for return on SpX-9. Retrieve EMU 3003 from the CL and install on Aft EDDA. [Deferred] Remove EMU 3006 from Fwd EDDA and install EMU 3008. [Deferred] Potable Water Dispenser Filter Maintenance: The crew R&Rd the PWD filter and cleaned the fan filter areas behind the PWD. This preventive maintenance is required every 18 months. Transition to the Power Management Control Application (PMCA) and Photovoltaic Control Application (PVCA) R5 (PMPV R5) software suite The X2 PMPV R5 software transition began over the weekend and will continue into Tuesday. PMCA and PVCA R5 contains new software to manage the Li-Ion batteries that will arrive on HTV-6. In addition to the PMCA and PVCA updates, there also are updates to the Command and Control (C&C) and Portable Computer System (PCS) software. All software has good health signatures to date. Todays Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. FS saliva sampling FS urine sampling FS install cooling centrifuge FS blood sampling FS water sampling from on-board kitchen and acceptance of radiopaque marker FS configure cooling centrifuge CASCADE. Manual mixing in bio reactor / r/g 2888 MOUSE- prepare equipment for experiment FLUID SHIFTS. Close out ops with cooling centrifuge FLUID SHIFTS. Placement of samples into MELFI MOUSE- clean the module FS- urine sampling PILOT-. Preparation for experiment r/g 2885 WRS water sampling Crew handover / BLR48 start of measurements FLUID SHIFTS. Placement of samples into MELFI Recording of audio gram with EARQ s/w PILOT-. Experiment run r/g 2885 XF305 video camera adjustment MOUSE- replacement of water in the module EMU SS backpack replacement SLE rotation, part 1 EMU-reconfiguration after retrieval from transportation container FS activation of cooling centrifuge FS blood sampling FS – sampling FS – configure cooling centrifuge FLUID SHIFTS. MELFI Cargo ops in Progress 433 (on DC1) and IMS update r/g 2834, 2835 PILOT-. Experiment run. Tagup with specialists. / r/g 2886 Activity for deployment of FMK monitors HMS eye view check Sampling in GSC container FLUID SHIFTS. Close out ops with cooling centrifuge Testing of vision functions questionnaire fill out EMU […] Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report 07/22/16

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Jul 22, 2016

Thermolab Deinstrumentation for Circadian Rhythms: The crew removed the double sensors and Thermolab Unit before cleaning and stowing the equipment following completion of the European Space Agency (ESA) Circadian Rhythm experiment. The measurement process took 36 hours to complete. Biological Rhythms 48 Hours Actiwatch Preparation: Today, the crew configured and donned the Actiwatch to commence the Biological Rhythms data collection. Operations will continue with the holter donning activity on Monday. Biological Rhythms 48 hours studies the effects of long-term microgravity exposure on heart function by analyzing an astronauts extended electrocardiogram. Heart Cells Media Change Preparation: The Heart Cells Media was relocated from Commercial Generic Bioprocessing Apparatus -4 (CGBA-4) to the Space Automated Bioproduct Lab-2 (SABL-2), and one bag containing three Heart Cells Media for ops was removed and temp stowed. The crew also changed the media in the Multiwell BioCells for Heart Cells in the Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG) Work Volume. The Heart Cells investigation studies the human heart, specifically how heart muscle tissue, contracts, grows and changes (gene expression) in microgravity and how those changes vary between subjects. Understanding how heart muscle cells, or cardiomyocytes, change in space improves efforts for studying disease, screening drugs and conducting cell replacement therapy for future space missions. Body Measures Operations: Today two crewmembers began the Flight Day (FD) 15 Body Measures data collection session, one as the subject and the other as operator. However, due to schedule constraints, not all of the objectives were completed. The remaining tasks will be rescheduled in the near future. NASA is collecting in-flight anthropometric data (body measurements) to assess the impact of physical body shape and size changes on suit sizing. Still and video imagery is captured and measurements are taken of segmental length, height, depth, and circumference data of all body segments (chest, waist, hip, arms, legs, etc.) from astronauts before, during and after their flight missions. Biological Research In Canisters (BRIC) 23 Operations: The crew performed actuation of all four BRIC 23 canisters by inserting a rod into the BRIC – Petri Dish Fixation Unit (PDFU) Actuator Tool and using the Actuator Tool to mechanically force a growth medium into the Petri dishes. After a 24-hour growth period two of the four canisters will be transferred to the Minus Eighty Degree Celsius Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI) for freezing of the samples and the remaining two canisters will be transferred into the MEFLI after a 48-hour growth period. The BRIC-23 investigation studies Bacillus subtilis spores and Staphylococcus aureus cells to understand how they respond to the stressful environment of space. Results from this investigation improve the understanding of how microbes adapt to spaceflight including whether their adaptations change antibiotic effectiveness, which benefits efforts to maintain crew member health. Fine Motor Skills: A series of interactive tasks was completed for the Fine Motor Skills investigation. This investigation is critical during long-duration space missions, particularly those skills needed to interact with technologies required in next-generation space vehicles, spacesuits, and habitats. Crew fine motor skills are also necessary for performing tasks in transit or on a planetary surface, such as information access, just-in-time training, subsystem maintenance, and medical treatment. Dose Tracker: The crew completed entries for medication tracking on an iPad. This investigation documents the medication usage of crewmembers before and during their missions by capturing data regarding medication use during spaceflight, including side effect qualities, frequencies and severities. The data is expected to either support or counter anecdotal evidence of medication ineffectiveness during flight and unusual side effects experienced during flight. It is also expected that specific, near-real-time questioning about symptom relief and side effects will provide the data required to establish whether spaceflight-associated alterations in pharmacokinetics (PK) or pharmacodynamics (PD) is occurring during missions. Dragon Transfer Operations: The crew has unloaded the entire center stack and port rack, all of the coldbags, a large portion of the soft-stow cargo, all powered cargo including both powered Polars and the JAXA Mouse Habitat Unit Transportation Cage Unit with 12 mice from Dragon to the ISS. Fifty seven percent of the launched cargo has been transferred. Dragon On-Board Training (OBT): With the arrival of SpX-9, all 6 crew members participated in an Emergency Response review including emergency hatch closure. The USOS crew also participated in a capture debrief with ground teams. Water Processor Assembly (WPA) Successful Process: Overnight the WPA successfully completed a process run. Recently, the WPA has been continuously reprocessing due to high conductivity but has faulted out due to high pressure faults of the Microbial Check Valve (MCV). The MCV is tentatively scheduled to be removed & replaced (R&Rd) next week. Todays Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. NEUROIMMUNITET. Saliva Collection / r/g 2857 NEUROIMMUNITET. Closeout Ops / r/g 2857 NEUROIMMUNITET. Saliva Sample. Psychological Testing (Session 1) r/g 2876 Reading Circadian Rhythms Experiment Reminder CORRECTSIYA. NEUROIMMUNITET. Blood Collection r/g 2876 CORRECTSIYA. NEUROIMMUNITET. Venous blood sample processing using Plasma-03 centrifuge / r/g 2876 NEUROIMMUNITET. Venous blood sample processing (smear) r/g 2876 RUEXP Blood Sample Insertion into MELFI CORRECTSIYA. NEUROIMMUNITET. Handover to USOS for MELFI Insertion / r/g 2876 CORRECTSIYA. NEUROIMMUNITET. Closeout Ops / r/g 2876 On MCC GO Regeneration of 2 Micropurification Cartridge (start) PHS Evaluation Setup BRIC23. OnBoard Training (OBT) ISS crew and (RSA Flight Control Management Team) weekly conference r/g 2838 Health Maintenance System (HMS) Periodic Health Status (PHS) – CMO Periodic Health Status – Subject Health Maintenance System (HMS) Periodic Health Status (PHS) CMO Fine Motor Skills (FINEMOTR) Experiment Test IMS Tagup BODYM Experiment Ops [Partially completed] Progress 433 (DC1) Transfers and IMS Ops / r/g 2834, 2835 CASKAD. Removal from Thermostat (+ 4 deg C) and Setup in Glovebox r/g 2878 BRIC23. Activation of BRIC-23 canisters ,,,D BRIC23. Photo Documentation DATA TRANSMISSION RADIO LINK () – ONBOARD MEMORY DEVICE (). Mother Board Replacement r/g 2872 BODYM -Experiment Ops Terminate transfer of water to water storage tank via MRF filter Photo/Video Setup for ARED Exercise CASKAD. Activate Glove Box Cleaning / r/g 2878 [Aborted] 24-hour ECG […] Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report 07/21/16

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Jul 21, 2016

Dragon Operations: The crew was scheduled to ingress and configure Dragon for on-orbit operations today, however, these tasks were completed yesterday. Today they transferred critical cargo and unpacked double cold bags to retrieve science as well as transferring 2 Polar freezers from Dragon into the EXPRESS rack locations that had been prepared for them. Mouse Epigenetics Setup Operations: Crewmembers reconfigured the Cell Biology Experiment Facility (CBEF) to establish an alternate power resource from the Utility Outlet Panel (UOP) and transferred the mice from the Transportation Cage Unit (which was used to house them during launch) into the Mouse Habitat Cage Units onboard ISS. The Mouse Epigenetics investigation studies altered gene expression patterns in the organs of male mice that spend one month in space and also examines changes in the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of their offspring. Results from the investigation identify genetic alterations that happen after exposure to the microgravity environment of space. Heart Cells Habitat Preparation and Sample Installation: Today, the Heart Cells samples were removed from the SpaceX-9 Dragon capsule and transferred to SABL 2. The crew then prepared for operations in SABL 1 by configuring the carbon dioxide (CO2) Incubator Controller and installing hardware inside. The samples were placed in active temperature and CO2 control when they were transferred from SABL 2 into SABL 1. The Heart Cells investigation studies the human heart, specifically how heart muscle tissue contracts, grows and changes (gene expression) in microgravity and how those changes vary between subjects. Understanding how heart muscle cells, or cardiomyocytes, change in space improves efforts for studying disease, screening drugs and conducting cell replacement therapy for future space missions. NanoRacks Platform-1 Module Install: Six NanoRack Modules were installed on NanoRacks Platform 1. NanoRacks Modules 41 (Awty-BE-HDPE Rad Shielding), 43 (Slime Mold), and 44 (Awty-Yeast Cell Growth in a Microgravity Environment) were configured on the left side of the NanoRack Platform and Modules 45 (Duchesne-Light Wavelengths on Algae Production), 46 (Duchesne-Plant Growth Chamber), and 69 (Silver Electrolysis/ Eagelcrest) were configured on the right side. The NanoRack Platform is a multipurpose research facility that supports NanoRacks Modules by providing power and data transfer capabilities to operate investigations in microgravity. NanoRacks Module 9: The crew performed tasks for the NanoRack Module-9 experiment by activating, deactivating, and shaking the mixture tubes. This experiment is a collection of student research projects utilizing the NanoRacks Mixsticks. Student teams from across the United States design their own experiments using flight approved fluids and materials. Fluids Integration Rack (FIR) RPC trip troubleshooting RPCM LA2A3B-G RPC-2 (FIR Main Power) tripped in late June. The payload that was running inside FIR at the time (MicroChannel Diffusion) was able to complete their operations on auxiliary power. Troubleshooting on the RPC trip was completed today. FIR was initially powered using auxiliary power, but gradually transitioned to main power. FIR was then deactivated and re-activated in a nominal configuration. No RPC trips were seen throughout thetroubleshooting. FIR was deactivated upon completion. There are currently no liens on future use of FIR main power. Todays Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. NEUROIMMUNITET. Saliva Sample Psychological Testing (Session 1) r/g 2857 CORRECTSIYA. NEUROIMMUNITET. Blood Collection r/g 2857 NEUROIMMUNITET. Venous blood sample processing (smear) r/g 2857 CORRECTSIYA. NEUROIMMUNITET. Venous blood sample processing using Plasma-03 centrifuge / r/g 2857 RUEXP Blood Sample Insertion into MELFI CORRECTSIYA. NEUROIMMUNITET. Handover to USOS for MELFI Insertion / r/g 2857 CORRECTSIYA. NEUROIMMUNITET. Closeout Ops / r/g 2857 Crew Quarters Closing Doors On MCC Go Regeneration of 1 Micropurification Cartridge (start) DRAGON Ingress SpX9 Air Sampling using -1 sampler prior to Air Duct Installation r/g 2858 24-hour BP monitoring (start) / r/g 2856 NEUROIMMUNITET. Psychological Test / r/g 2857 Sprint Exercise, Optional 24-hour ECG Monitoring (start) / r/g 2855 Dragon Arrival Photos Dragon Center Stack Transfers NEUROIMMUNITET. Hair Sample / r/g 2857 CORRECTSIYA. Logging Liquid and Food (Medicine) Intake / r/g 2822 Familiarization with Auxiliary Computer System r/g 2863 PRODUTSENT. Removal from - No.02 (+30 deg C), switching to +26 deg C and transfer to - No.04 r/g 2865 SEISMOPROGNOZ. Downlink data from Control and Data Acquisition Module () HDD (start) r/g 2224 Crew time for ISS adaptation and orientation Photography of Plume Impingement and Deposit Monitoring Unit () position on MRM2 through SM window No.13 (after Progress 433 docking) / r/g 1348 IDENTIFICATION. Copy - micro-accelerometer data to laptop / r/g 1589 XF305 Camcorder Settings Adjustment Early unstow items CBEF Backup power reconfig CARDIOVECTOR. Experiment Ops r/g 2859 Preventive Maintenance of Docking Assembly ()/ Hatch Sealing Mechanisms (DC1) and Progress 433 Hatch CASKAD. Completion of Anabioz P/L battery charge / r/g 2848 Dragon Double Cold Bag Unpack BODYM Equipment Setup MOUSE. Item gathering STEM CELL Insertion of bio-dosimeters into MELFI UOP. Activation HRTCEL. Installation of 2 Controller in SABL IMS Delta File Prep UOP. Activation XF305 Camcorder Settings Adjustment GLOVE BOX. Installation of Glove Box CORRECTSIYA. Logging Liquid and Food (Medicine) Intake / r/g 2822 Filling (separation) of EDV [KOB] for Elektron Multi-Purpose Small Payload Rack (MSPR) Hard Drive Exchange Restow Dragon Vestibule Outfitting Kit (VOK) Polar Transfer and Installation in EXPRESS rack Maintenance MSG Installation of Gloves in the Glove Box Polar Transfer and Installation in EXPRESS rack OTKLIK. Hardware Monitoring / r/g 1588 SEISMOPROGNOZ. Download data from Control and Data Acquisition Module () HDD (end) and start backup r/g 2224 NANO Viewing OBT materials for MODULE-9 NANO Experiment ops and video. CORRECTSIYA. NEUROIMMUNITET. Experiment setup / r/g 2864 MOUSE. Module Transfer to JPM INTERACTION-2. Experiment Ops / r/g 2861 NANO – Module installation Dragon Double Cold Bag Unpack Vacuum Cleaning area behind panels 405, 406 and MRM1 Interior CASKAD. Glovebox-S hardware prep r/g 2866 RWS Power Down POLAR sample transfer 1 Dragon Cargo Operations Conference CEVIS Exercise INTERACTION-2. . Experiment Ops / r/g 2862 POLAR sample transfer 1 GLOVE. Close-out ops with the Glove Box HRTCEL. Experiment Setup On MCC Go Regeneration of 1 Absorption Cartridge (end) NEUROIMMUNITET. Saliva Sample. Psychological Test / r/g 2857 NEUROIMMUNITET. End of […] Read full story.

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