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NASA Glenn Celebrates Hubble’s 25th Anniversary with Special Events

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Mar 26, 2015

Media and the public are invited to Hubble @ 25 Anniversary Events. Read full story.

NASA’s Glenn Research Center to Serve as Cleveland Site for 2015 International Space Apps Challenge

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Mar 25, 2015

NASA Glenn to host the International Space Apps Challenge April 10-12, 2015 Read full story.

NASA Invites the Public to Explore and Go Behind-The-Scenes of its World Class Facilities

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Mar 25, 2015

Glenn’s public tours highlights stunning views of its facilities. Read full story.

NASA Announces Teams for 2015 Human Exploration Rover Challenge

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Mar 23, 2015

Nearly 100 high school and college teams from around the world will race against each other during NASA’s Human Exploration Rover Challenge April 17-18 at the U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Participating teams are from 15 states and Puerto Rico, as well as international teams from Mexico, Germany, India and Russia. Read full story.

Special NASA Talk Celebrates 100 Years of Aerospace Research

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Mar 20, 2015

Tuesday, March 24, at 2 p.m., three aerospace curators from the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum will present "A Celebration of the Centennial of the NACA" at NASA Langley. Read full story.

NASA Image of the Day

Soyuz Spacecraft Rolled Out For Launch of One-Year Crew

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Mar 26, 2015

The Soyuz TMA-16M spacecraft is seen after having rolled out by train to the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Wednesday, March 25, 2015. NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and Russian cosmonauts Mikhail Kornienko and Gennady Padalka of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) are scheduled to launch to the International Space Station in the Soyuz at 3:42 p.m. EDT, Friday, March 27 (March 28, Kazakh time). As the one-year crew, Kelly and Kornienko will return to Earth on the Soyuz TMA-18M in March 2016. Most expeditions to the space station last four to six months. By doubling the length of this mission, researchers hope to better understand how the human body reacts and adapts to long-duration spaceflight. This knowledge is critical as NASA looks toward human journeys deeper into the solar system, including to and from Mars, which could last 500 days or longer. More: A Year in Space Image Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls Read full story.

Expedition 43 Soyuz Rolls Out for Launch

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Mar 25, 2015

The Soyuz TMA-16M spacecraft is rolled out by train to the launch pad at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, Wednesday, March 25, 2015. NASA Astronaut Scott Kelly, and Russian Cosmonauts Mikhail Kornienko, and Gennady Padalka of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) are scheduled to launch to the International Space Station in the Soyuz TMA-16M spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan March 28, Kazakh time (March 27 Eastern time.) As the one-year crew, Kelly and Kornienko will return to Earth on Soyuz TMA-18M in March 2016. More information on one year crew. Image Credit NASA/Bill Ingalls Read full story.

Mars 'Marathon Valley' Overlook

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Mar 24, 2015

This view from NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity shows part of "Marathon Valley," a destination on the western rim of Endeavour Crater, as seen from an overlook north of the valley. The scene spans from east, at left, to southeast. It combines four pointings of the rover's panoramic camera (Pancam) on March 13, 2015, during the 3,958th Martian day, or sol, of Opportunity's work on Mars. The rover team selected Marathon Valley as a science destination because observations of this location using the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) instrument on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter yielded evidence of clay minerals, a clue to ancient wet environments. By the time Opportunity explores Marathon Valley, the rover will have exceeded a total driving distance equivalent to an Olympic marathon. Opportunity has been exploring the Meridiani Planum region of Mars since January 2004. This version of the image is presented in approximate true color by combining exposures taken through three of the Pancam's color filters at each of the four camera pointings, using filters centered on wavelengths of 753 nanometers (near-infrared), 535 nanometers (green) and 432 nanometers (violet). Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Cornell Univ./Arizona State Univ. Read full story.

March 23, 1965 Launch of First Crewed Gemini Flight

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Mar 23, 2015

In a span of 20 months from March 1965 to November 1966, NASA developed, tested and flew transformative capabilities and cutting-edge technologies in the Gemini program that paved the way for not only Apollo, but the achievements of the space shuttle, building the International Space Station and setting the stage for human exploration of Mars. The first crewed Gemini flight, Gemini III, lifted off Launch Pad 19 at 9:24 a.m. EST on March 23, 1965. The spacecraft "Molly Brown" carried astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, command pilot, and John W. Young, pilot, on three orbits of Earth. NASA's two-man Gemini spaceflights demonstrated that astronauts could change their capsule's orbit, remain in space for at least two weeks and work outside their spacecraft. They also pioneered rendezvous and docking with other spacecraft. All were essential skills to land on the moon and return safely to Earth. Veteran Mercury astronaut Grissom was selected as command pilot of Gemini III, making him the first person traveling into space twice. Joining Grissom was Young, the first member of the second group of NASA pilots to fly in space. Young would go on to become the first person to make six spaceflights, including commanding Apollo 16 during which he walked on the moon. He also commanded STS-1, the first shuttle mission. Gemini III's primary goal was to test the new, maneuverable spacecraft. In space, the crew members fired thrusters to change the shape of their orbit, shift their orbital plane slightly, and drop to a lower altitude. The revolutionary orbital maneuvering technology paved the way for rendezvous missions later in the Gemini Program and proved it was possible for a lunar module to lift off the moon and dock with the lunar orbiting command module for the trip home to Earth. It also meant spacecraft could be launched to rendezvous and dock with an orbiting space station. > More: Gemini Pioneered the Technology Driving Today's Exploration Image Credit: NASA Read full story.

Solar Eclipse From the International Space Station

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Mar 20, 2015

Expedition 43 Flight Engineer Samantha Cristoforetti took a series of photographs of the March 20, 2015 solar eclipse from the International Space Station. Cristoforetti wrote, "Orbital sunrise and the #SolarEclipse... could it go any better?" A solar eclipse occurs when the moon passes between Earth and the sun, casting a shadow over Earth. The moon’s shadow masks the solar surface and blocks sunlight from reaching Earth directly – but the amount of sunlight blocked depends on location. Image Credit: ESA/NASA Read full story.

International Space Station Reports

ISS Daily Summary Report – 03/26/15

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Mar 26, 2015

Node 3 (N3) Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Status:  Earlier today ground specialist completed fine leak checks of the N3 CDRA beds.  Following the leak checks the N3 CDRA shutdown due to Air Selector Valve (ASV) 104 not reaching commanded position.  On Tuesday of this week the crew replaced ASV 106 of this same CDRA.  Ground controllers attempt to recover ASV 104 with three power cycles was unsuccessful, teams will attempt another power cycle tomorrow.   The ppCO2 levels remain low, if ground teams are not able to recover N3 CDRA tomorrow they plan to activate Lab CDRA.   Japanese Experiment Module Airlock (JEMAL) Reconfiguration:  Following yesterday’s removal of the Nanoracks Cubesat Deployer and support hardware, today Virts and Cristoforetti installed the Robotics Refueling Mission (RRM)-2.  The RRM On-Orbit Transfer Cage (ROTC), Visual Inspection Poseable Invertebrate Robot (VIPIR) Vision System, Task Board 3, and Task Board 4 were installed onto the Slide Table. The crew initially had issues fully inserting the slide table.  The ground power cycled the table, and the crew removed and reinserted the slide table, and was able to successfully insert the slide table with the ROTC and other hardware installed.  The RRM-2 deployment is scheduled for the end of April and science operations which will be executed by ground controllers planned for later in the Increment. JEM Image Processing Unit (IPU): Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) ground controllers reported yesterday that the IPU failed when a Marangoni image was downlinked following a Dynamic Surf 2 run. Failure investigation and a troubleshooting plans are in work.  The IPU is required to continue Marangoni/Dynamic Surf operations and Space Aging (arriving on SpaceX-6). Columbus Rack Commanding: Ground controllers are currently working an issue commanding to the active NASA racks in the Columbus module (EXPRESS Rack 3, HRF 2).  Columbus Control Center (COL-CC) ground controllers are able to command to the ESA racks.  Specialists are working on a command capability recovery plan. Combustion Integration Rack (CIR) Manifold Bottle Replacement: In preparation for next Monday’s FLame Extinguishment Experiment (FLEX)-2 run initiation, Virts replaced the CIR Manifold Bottle #2.  Next week’s FLEX-2 experiment will be the last FLEX-2 run for Increments 43/44. Additional runs are scheduled for future increments. The experiment is the second to fly on the ISS which uses small droplets of fuel to study the special spherical characteristics of burning fuel droplets in space. The experiment studies how quickly fuel burns, the conditions required for soot to form, and how mixtures of fuels evaporate before burning. Understanding these processes could lead to the production of a safer spacecraft as well as increased fuel efficiency for engines using liquid fuel on Earth. Skin-B: Cristoforetti performed Corneometer (measuring the hydration level of the stratus coreum, or outer layer of the skin), Tewameter (skin barrier function measurement), and Visioscan (skin surface topography) measurements in support of the Skin-B experiment. The Skin-B investigation aims to improve the understanding of skin aging which is slow on Earth but greatly accelerated in space. This will also provide insights into the aging process in other (similar) bodily tissues in general. This could help in determining impact on astronauts on future missions to the Moon and Mars where environmental conditions are more challenging. On Board Training (OBT) Dragon Robotics Onboard Trainer (ROBoT):  On Tuesday the crew was able to complete only 1 of 3 planned SpX-6 arrival simulations due to ROBoT software issues. Today Virts and Cristoforetti performed the remaining two simulations. Ground specialists directed the crew to reboot the ROBoT hardware between each run to mitigate issues experienced during the Tuesday session.  N2 Nadir Hatch to Unlatch Hardstop:  In preparation for the scheduled arrival of SpX-6 on April 12, Cristoforetti took the N2 nadir hatch latch to the hard stop position.  This is to minimize probability/effects of a hatch mechanism jam which would preclude opening hatch during SpX-6 ingress. Special Purpose Dextrous Manipulator (SPDM) Stowage and Maneuver to Translate Configuration:  Today (GMT 085), the Robotics Ground Controllers powered up the Mobile Servicing System (MSS) cameras and maneuvered the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS) away from the External Stowage Platform (ESP) 2 park position.  Next they reconfigured the Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) for stow and stowed it on Mobile Base System (MBS) Power Data Grapple Fixture (PDGF) 2.  The Robotics Ground Controllers then released the SPDM and maneuvered the SSRMS to a Mobile Transporter (MT) translate configuration.  Finally the Robotics Ground Controllers performed an unloaded Latching End Effector (LEE)-A checkout per Chit 13262 to help characterize its performance post the LEE-A lubrication that was performed during USOS Extravehicular Activity (EVA) 30.  MSS performance today was nominal. UPA WSTA Troubleshooting:  Earlier today the crew was able to transfer fluid from the WSTA into an EDV.  The crew then transferred fluid from a new EDV to the WSTA.  The crew stopped the transfer at 50% and reported that they did not see any flow however the quantity continued to increase.  The crew has disconnected the hose and the ground team will continue to troubleshoot the problem.  Today’s Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. Audio Conference with Mayak Radio Station Host (S-band) Robotic Refueling Mission (RRM). OBT, Procedure Overview RRM. Procedure review VIZIR JEM Airlock Slide Table (ST) Extension to JPM Side RRM. Installation Assistance RRM. Hardware setup MOTOCARD. Test hardware. JEM – Slide Table Retraction HRF2 – Hardware Unstow and SW Upload OBT – Dragon Rendezvous and Berthing Procedures Review Onboard Training (OBT) Robotics Onboard Trainer (ROBoT) Debrief HRF2 – Closeout Ops SKNB – Connecting hardware to the Laptop and performing measurements CIR – Upper Rack Doors Open CIR – Troubleshooting and Replacement CIR – Upper Rack Doors Close On MCC GO Replacement of ПТАБ-1М (А308) АБ Module No.8. Trashing old hardware, gathering, locating and connecting cables, photography, and stowing IMAX cables in preparation for Fluid Shifts experiment. Unlatching Node2 Nadir Hatch Hardstop Crew Medical Officer (CMO) proficiency training Maintaining Progress 424 (DC1) QD Screw Clamps СОЖ Maintenance Wireless Connection of SSC3 ИК0501 Gas Analyzer О2 Channel […] Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report – 03/25/15

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Mar 25, 2015

Ocular Health (OH): With Cristoforetti assisting as the CMO, Virts completed his Ocular Health ultrasound. Ultrasound scans were performed of his eyes, followed by cardiac echo measurements as part of the Ocular Health data collection.  The ultrasound images will be used to identify changes in globe morphology, including flattening of the posterior globe, and document optic nerve sheath diameter, optic nerve sheath tortuosity, globe axial measurements, and choroidal engorgement. The Ocular Health protocol calls for a systematic gathering of physiological data to characterize the risk of microgravity-induced visual impairment/intracranial pressure in ISS crewmembers. Researchers believe that the measurement of visual, vascular and central nervous system changes over the course of this experiment and during the subsequent post-flight recovery will assist in the development of countermeasures, clinical monitoring strategies, and clinical practice guidelines. Japanese Experiment Module Airlock (JEMAL) Reconfiguration:  Virts and Cristoforetti removed the Nanorack Cubesat Deployers and the Multi-Purpose Experiment Platform (MPEP) and Small Fine Arm (SFA) Attachment Mechanism (SAM) from the JEMAL slide table.  The Nanorack Cubesat deployers will be packed for return on SpaceX-6 (SpX-6). Tomorrow the crew will install the Robotics Refueling Mission (RRM)-2 hardware on the JEMAL slide table. Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions-B (TripleLux-B): Cristoforetti performed Day 2 of the second run of TripleLux-B.  She thawed the Culture Tubes B in the Biolab glovebox, assembled the Experiment Container (EC) and installed the EC into the Biolab Rotor for cell transfer.  The EC was then inserted into the Thermal Control Unit (TCU)-2 at 4° Celcius for cell reconstitution. TripleLux compares the mechanisms of vertebrate and invertebrate cells at a cellular level which causes impairment of immune functions in microgravity through induction of gene activation, phagocytosis (ingestion of foreign material), and DNA repair in vertebrate and invertebrate immune cells. TripleLux-B examines the immune function of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), hemocytes (cellular component of invertebrate blood), compared to rodent macrophages (white blood cells responsible for eating foreign material) to function in microgravity. Node 3 (N3) Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Status:  Overnight ground specialist were able to restart N3 CDRA following yesterday’s ASV 106 replacement and subsequent CDRA bed 1 leak check failure.  N3 CDRA is currently operating nominally.  Additional leak checks are planned, per procedures, later this week. Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (RGN-ECLSS) Status:  Overnight the Water Processing Assembly (WPA) experienced a High Conductivity Fault. The fault was traced to a biased sensor which has been inhibited and the WPA is currently processing.  Then, this morning during the Waste Water Storage Tank Assembly (WSTA) fill there was an unexpected sensor increase.  During a WSTA fill this morning, the nominal deactivation steps were performed when the WSTA reached 69%. Rather than deactivating, the quantity within the WSTA continued to increase. Ground teams are currently investigating the WSTA event.  Today’s Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. Ultrasound – Hardware Setup and Activation COSMOCARD. Closeout Ops VIRTUAL. Experiment Ops Ultrasound – Scanning Prep Ocular Health (OH) – Ultrasound Scan Ultrasound – Data Export Ocular Health Cardiac Operations JEM Airlock Slide Table (ST) Extension to JPM Side TPLXB – Hardware Setup for the Experiment TPLXB – Preparation of Glovebox NanoRacks CubeSat Deployer Removal from the MPEP Voice check in S/G1 from Baikonur Ultrasound – Hardware Deactivation and Closeout TPLXB – Removal of Culture Tube from GLACIER and Transfer to Glovebox OTKLIK. Hardware Check TPLXB – Thawing of Culture Tube and Assembly of EC Audit of O-rings and seals КВО.7346.0000. JEM Airlock Capture Mechanism Release MPEP – Hardware Setup MPEP – Removal of MPEP from Small Fine Arm (SAM) TPLXB – Hardware Setup WRS – Recycle Tank Fill Replacement of ПТАБ-1М (А301) АБ Module No.1 Force Loader Test (HC-1M) JEM Airlock – Slide Table Retraction Verification of ИП-1 Flow Sensor Position TPLXB – Closeout Ops Health Maintenance System (HMS) – Nutritional Assessment (ESA)  Completed Task List Items Safety-Video-Followup Ground Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. MPEP release from SAM JEM A/L deactivation SAM removal JEM A/L slide table retraction JEM A/L activation Three-Day Look Ahead: Thursday, 03/26: JEM A/L slide table extension, RRM hardware install Friday, 03/27: 42S launch/dock, Aniso Tubule sample prep/insertion, Dragon pre-pack Saturday, 03/28: ISS Safety Briefing/crew handover QUICK ISS Status – Environmental Control Group:                               Component Status Elektron Off Vozdukh Manual [СКВ] 1 – SM Air Conditioner System (“SKV1”) On [СКВ] 2 – SM Air Conditioner System (“SKV2”) Off Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Lab Standby Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Node 3 Operate Major Constituent Analyzer (MCA) Lab Idle Major Constituent Analyzer (MCA) Node 3 Operate Oxygen Generation Assembly (OGA) Process Urine Processing Assembly (UPA) Stop Trace Contaminant Control System (TCCS) Lab Off Trace Contaminant Control System (TCCS) Node 3 Warmup   Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report – 03/24/15

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Mar 24, 2015

Node 3 (N3) Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Valve Remove & Replace (R&R): Virts R&Rd the N3 CDRA Air Selector Valve (ASV) 106. The R&R was scheduled due to telemetry indication that showed this valve was taking longer than normal to reach its commanded position, which is consistent with a valve operating under high torque conditions.  Following the valve replacement, the ground team attempted to restart the N3 CDRA.  During restart the CDRA bed 1 failed the leak check, ground flight controllers are currently troubleshooting.  The ppCO2 levels remain low and preliminary assessment is that CDRA is not required until after the arrival of 42S crew on Friday.     Ocular Health (OH): With Cristoforetti assisting as the CMO, Virts collected retinal images using the fundoscope as part of the Flight Day (FD) 120 OH session. The OH protocol calls for a systematic gathering of physiological data to characterize the risk of microgravity-induced visual impairment/intracranial pressure in ISS crewmembers. Researchers believe that the measurement of visual, vascular and central nervous system changes over the course of this experiment and during the subsequent post-flight recovery will assist in the development of countermeasures, clinical monitoring strategies, and clinical practice guidelines.  Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions-B (TripleLux-B): Cristoforetti completed the first TripleLux-B runs (0-gravity) and initiated the second run.  The next Experiment Container (EC) Handling Mechanism (HM) was placed in the BioLab (BLB) glovebox for thawing prior to initiation of the run. TripleLux compares the mechanisms of vertebrate and invertebrate cells at a cellular level which causes impairment of immune functions in microgravity through induction of gene activation, phagocytosis (ingestion of foreign material), and DNA repair in vertebrate and invertebrate immune cells. TripleLux-B examines the immune function of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), hemocytes (cellular component of invertebrate blood), compared to rodent macrophages (white blood cells responsible for eating foreign material) to function in microgravity. Radiation Dosimetry Inside ISS-Neutrons 2 (RADI-N2): Shkaplerov handed over eight bubble detectors to Cristoforetti deployment around the ISS for the Radi-N2 experiment. This investigation is to better characterize the ISS neutron environment and define the risk posed to the crewmembers’ health and provide the data necessary to develop advanced protective measures for future space flight.  For each session 8 detectors are initialized and deployed in predetermined locations for measurements: a set of 6 spectrometric detectors and two control ones are placed on a wall of an ISS Segment. After 7 days the detectors are collected and read using the BUBBLE reader.  On Board Training (OBT) Dragon Robotics Onboard Trainer (ROBoT): Following yesterday’s procedures review and conference with ground teams, Virts and Cristoforetti performed one of three planned runs of Session 1 of the SpX-6 ROBoT training. The crew could not complete the other two planned runs due to issues with the ROBoT software. Ground teams are working troubleshooting steps to recover. Additional ROBoT sessions are  scheduled prior to SpX-6 arrival. This training allows the crew to practice free drift timing, malfunction response, and nominal rate approaches.  Today’s Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. COSMOCARD. Data downlink from the previous session TPLXB – Set up hardware for the experiment: TPLXB – Preparation of Glovebox for the Experiment TPLXB – GLACIER Retrieval OBSTANOVKA. Connecting УКР-50 with cable-inserts to БКС. TPLXB – Insertion of EC HM into Glovebox OBSTANOVKA WRS Water Sample Analysis Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Valve R&R Search for ПТАБ-1М Device (А301) MATRYOSHKA-R. Gathering and Initialization of Bubble-Dosimeter Detectors. TPLXB – Recording data after the 1st session MATRYOSHKA-R. Handover of BUBBLE-dosimeters to USOS RADIN – Radiation Dosimetry Inside ISS-Neutrons Hardware Handover from the Russian Crew MATRYOSHKA-R. BUBBLE-dosimeter initialization and deployment for exposure RADIN – Dosimeter Deployment PAO Event NANO – Removal of modules 16, 18, 20, 21 and 22 Dragon Rendezvous and Berthing Procedures Review СОЖ Maintenance OBT Robotics Onboard Trainer (ROBoT) Debrief  TOCA Data Recording TPLXB – Transfer of EC HM Interface from Glovebox to TCU 2 Fundoscope – Ocular Health (OH) Equipment Setup TPLXB – Closeout Ops Eye Prep for Fundoscopic Exam WRS – Recycle Tank Fill VHF2D-VHF1 Relay Test via SM IMS Delta File Prep Fundoscope – Eye Exam (Stowage) EMU SOP Check-Out Fixture SCOF Positive Pressure Relief Valve cycling Completed Task List Items SpX-6 stowage prep Ground Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. ROBoT ops for Dragon OBT Ocular Health ops ACE ops Three-Day Look Ahead: Wednesday, 03/25: Ocular Health, TripleLux, CubeSat deployer/MPEP/SAM remove, JEM A/L slide table retraction Thursday, 03/26: JEM A/L slide table extension, RRM hardware install Friday, 03/27: 42S launch/dock, Aniso Tubule sample prep/insertion, Dragon pre-pack QUICK ISS Status – Environmental Control Group:                               Component Status Elektron Off Vozdukh Manual [СКВ] 1 – SM Air Conditioner System (“SKV1”) On [СКВ] 2 – SM Air Conditioner System (“SKV2”) Off Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Lab Standby Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Node 3 Standby Major Constituent Analyzer (MCA) Lab Idle Major Constituent Analyzer (MCA) Node 3 Shutdown Oxygen Generation Assembly (OGA) Process Urine Processing Assembly (UPA) Process Trace Contaminant Control System (TCCS) Lab Warmup Trace Contaminant Control System (TCCS) Node 3 Off   Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report – 03/23/15

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Mar 23, 2015

Space-X 6 Preparations: Virts and Cristoforetti reviewed capture procedure, proficiency training on the SpX mission profile, rendezvous procedures and crew interfaces for monitoring and commanding the vehicle.  The lesson walked through the steps in the rendezvous procedures and provides representative Robotic Workstation (RWS) and PCS screenshots for each step as well as provided an overview of the SpX commands available to the crew via the Crew Command Panel (CCP). Ocular Health: Virts completed his Flight Day (FD) 120 Ocular Health session.  Today’s session included a vision test and questionnaire, then with Cristoforetti as the Crew Medical Officer (CMO), eye pressure measurements were collected using the tonometer, then blood pressure measurements, and finally Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT).  Tomorrow, Virts, again with Cristoforetti assisting as the CMO, will collect retinal images using the fundoscope. The Ocular Health protocol calls for a systematic gathering of physiological data to characterize the risk of microgravity-induced visual impairment/intracranial pressure in ISS crewmembers. Researchers believe that the measurement of visual, vascular and central nervous system changes over the course of this experiment and during the subsequent post-flight recovery will assist in the development of countermeasures, clinical monitoring strategies, and clinical practice guidelines. Biochemical Profile:  Cristoforetti began her FD 120 Biochemical Profile collections.  She collected and processed urine and blood samples and inserted them into Minus Eighty Degree Celsius Laboratory Freezer for ISS (MELFI) for return and ground analysis. The Biochem Profile experiment tests blood and urine samples obtained from astronauts before, during and after spaceflight. Specific proteins and chemicals in the samples are used as biomarkers, or indicators of health. Post-flight analysis yields a database of samples and test results, which scientists can use to study the effects of spaceflight on the body. An improved understanding of the biochemical effects of microgravity could help patients with limited mobility on Earth, such as those on bed rest. Understanding how various physiological systems respond and interact to changing gravity conditions could help physicians design different treatments or exercises for people with limited mobility. Salivary Markers of Metabolic Changes during Space Missions (Check-Saliva): Cristioforetti completed her FD 120 Bone and Muscle Check collections and stowed them in MELFI for return and ground evaluation.  Check-Saliva tests crewmembers’ saliva, blood, and urine before, during and after spaceflight to study whether saliva tests can serve as reliable health monitors. Long-term exposure to the microgravity environment results in reduced bone and muscle mass which is related to changes in certain substances in the bloodstream and urine. Some of these changes can also be detected in saliva samples so tests using Check-Saliva can validate whether saliva and/or urine can be used as simple, non-invasive tools to monitor crewmembers’ bone and muscle status during a space mission. Today’s Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. HRF Urine Sample Collection HRF –  Sample MELFI Insertion HRF – Blood Draw – Subject HRF – Blood Sample Collection (assistance) HRF – Crew configures the Refrigerated Centrifuge for sample load operations CARDIOVECTOR. Experiment Ops. / r/g 8296 HRF – Crew removes blood tubes and powers off the Refrigerated Centrifuge. HRF – Sample MELFI Insertion HRF Blood Collection and Processing Hardware Stowage Greasing Exposed ARED Wires Ocular Health (OH) – Vision Test Vision Questionnaire Ocular Health (OH) – Tonometry Test Configuration Ocular Health (OH) – Crew performs blood pressure measurement and records results Ocular Health (OH) – Tonometry Test – Operator Ocular Health (OH) – Tonometry Test – Subject Post-Tonometry Stowage [СМОК] Replacement. / r/g 8274 ARED prep for exercise session CWC Fill – part 1 CWC Fill- part 2 Bone/Muscle Check (BMC) – Sample Insertion into MELFI HRF – Equipment stowage after sample collection [СМОК] Replacement. / r/g 8274 Crew Discretionary Conference WRS – Recycle Tank Fill OBT – Dragon Robotics Review OBT – Dragon Rendezvous and Berthing Procedures Review Inter-Orbit Communication System (ICS) Comm Check OBT – Dragon Rendezvous and Docking Conference Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Setup OBSTANOVKA. Preparation Ops / r/g 8295 IMS Delta File Prep Exercise data downlink / r/g 6797 OCT Hardware Setup WRS – Recycle Tank Fill Vision Test, Subject Vision Test, Operator OCT Hardware Stowage Completed Task List Items Completed Saturday: COL stow consolidation Wearable monitoring vest doffing ARED cylinder R&R ESA PAOs (2 total) USB card reader relocate Ground Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. N3 CDRA safing Ocular Health support [In Work] Battery 2B2 reconditioning [In Work] Transition to OCA21 and test [In Work] Three-Day Look Ahead: Tuesday, 03/24: JEM IMV flow measurements, Ocular Health, TripleLux, OBT Dragon RoBOT part 1, N3 CDRA valve R&R Wednesday, 03/25: Ocular Health, TripleLux, CubeSat deployer/MPEP/SAM remove, JEM A/L slide table retraction Thursday, 03/26: JEM A/L slide table extension, RRM hardware install on slide table QUICK ISS Status – Environmental Control Group:                               Component Status Elektron Off Vozdukh Manual [СКВ] 1 – SM Air Conditioner System (“SKV1”) On [СКВ] 2 – SM Air Conditioner System (“SKV2”) Off Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Lab Standby Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Node 3 Standby Major Constituent Analyzer (MCA) Lab Idle Major Constituent Analyzer (MCA) Node 3 Shutdown Oxygen Generation Assembly (OGA) Process Urine Processing Assembly (UPA) Process Trace Contaminant Control System (TCCS) Lab Warmup Trace Contaminant Control System (TCCS) Node 3 Full Up   Read full story.

IMC Daily Summary Report – 03/20/15

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Mar 20, 2015

Gene, Immune and Cellular Responses to Single and Combined Space Flight Conditions-B (TripleLux-B): Today Cristoforetti initiated the first of two TripleLux-B runs. The second run will be scheduled for next week. She placed the thawed Experiment Container (EC) Handling Mechanism (HM) in the BioLab (BLB) rotor and activated the rotor. TripleLux compares the mechanisms of vertebrate and invertebrate cells at a cellular level which causes impairment of immune functions in microgravity through induction of gene activation, phagocytosis (ingestion of foreign material), and DNA repair in vertebrate and invertebrate immune cells. TripleLux-B examines the immune function of the blue mussel (Mytilus edulis), hemocytes (cellular component of invertebrate blood), compared to rodent macrophages (white blood cells responsible for eating foreign material) to function in microgravity. Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) Window Inspection: Virts performed inspection and photo documentation of the JEM windows. Emphasis was placed on the exterior surface of the debris pane and interior surface of the pressure pane. Inspections were performed during both day and night passes and the crew reported no dirt or debris were observed. Water Recovery System Recycle Tank Remove & Replace (R&R): Virts completed this planned maintenance to R&R the recycle tank in the WRS. Lab Intermodule Ventilation (IMV) Cleaning: Virts completed inspection and photo documentation of dirt buildup on and inside the Lab IMV diffusers and inlet. Columbus (COL) Centralized Cabin Filter (CCF) R&R: Cristoferetti gathered equipment and R&Rd the High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) CCF in the COL Cabin Heat Exchanger (CHX). Today’s Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. МО-8. Config set-up Body Mass Measurement МО-8. Closeout Ops ISS crew and ГОГУ (RSA Flight Control Management Team) weekly conference ARED Flywheel Cylinder Evacuation IMS Tagup TPLXB. Hardware Retrieval JPM Window Inspection Procedure Review TPLXB. Preparation for EC Assembly JEM Window Inspection P/TV Setup [СМОК] Replacement. RGN-REC TK – Transfer and Replacement TPLXB. Retrieval of Culture Tube from GLACIER and Transfer to Glovebox TPLXB. Thawing of Culture Tube and Assembly of EC JPM window opening – Part 1 WRS – Recycle Tank Fill IFM – IMV – Fan Cleaning HRF1 – Preparation TPLXB. Transfer of Triplelux EC from incubator to TCU 2 WRS – Recycle Tank Fill JPM window opening – Part 2 TPLXB. Hardware Stowage WRS – Recycle Tank Fill JPM Window Inspection Image Downlink ESA Monthly Flight Management Conference RGN REC-TNK – Removal of depress hose for nominal operations HRF1 – Upload Completion WRS – Recycle Tank Fill СОЖ Maintenance Gathering tools needed for (HEPA) Filter R&R RGN – Initiate Drain into TUBSS Columbus Centralized Cabin Filter (CCF) R&R TVS MPEG2 Multicast Streaming Test Prior to ТК 716 Docking. RGN – Terminate Drain to TUBSS RRM. Hardware Assembly OTKLIK. Hardware Check Ground Robotics On-Board Trainer (ROBoT) Setup Restow tools used for (HEPA) Filter R&R IMS Delta File Prep Crew handover conference Flight Director / ISS Crew Conference  Completed Task List Items None Ground Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. 42S docking video test ROBoT startup Battery 2B2 reconditioning Three-Day Look Ahead: Saturday, 03/21: Crew off duty, housekeeping Sunday, 03/22: Crew off duty, Triplelux Monday, 03/23:  Dragon OBT, Eye Exam, HRF Blood Collection QUICK ISS Status – Environmental Control Group:                               Component Status Elektron Off Vozdukh Manual [СКВ] 1 – SM Air Conditioner System (“SKV1”) Off [СКВ] 2 – SM Air Conditioner System (“SKV2”) Off Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Lab Standby Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA) Node 3 Operate Major Constituent Analyzer (MCA) Lab Idle Major Constituent Analyzer (MCA) Node 3 Operate Oxygen Generation Assembly (OGA) Process Urine Processing Assembly (UPA) Process Trace Contaminant Control System (TCCS) Lab Off Trace Contaminant Control System (TCCS) Node 3 Full Up   Read full story.