NASA Breaking News

NASA Announces First Geostationary Vegetation, Atmospheric Carbon Mission

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Dec 6, 2016

NASA has selected a first-of-its-kind Earth science mission that will extend our nations lead in measuring key greenhouse gases and vegetation health from space to advance our understanding of Earths natural exchanges of carbon between the land, atmosphere and ocean. Read full story.

NASA Awards Contract for Refueling Mission Spacecraft

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Dec 5, 2016

NASA has awarded the Restore-L Spacecraft Bus and Support Services contract to Space Systems/Loral of Palo Alto, California. Restore-L is a robotic spacecraft equipped with the tools, technologies and techniques needed to service satellites currently in orbit. Read full story.

NASA TV Coverage Set for Japanese Cargo Ship Destined for Space Station

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Dec 5, 2016

The launch of a Japanese cargo ship to the International Space Station, and its arrival at the orbiting laboratory, will be broadcast Dec. 9 and 13 on NASA Television and the agencys website. Read full story.

Spinoff 2017 Shows How NASA Technology Makes a Difference on Earth

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Dec 5, 2016

NASA has released its Spinoff 2017 publication, which takes a close look at 50 different companies that are using NASA technology innovations developed by NASA, with NASA funding, or under a contract with the agency in products that we all benefit from. Read full story.

NASA Administrator Statement on ESAs Commitment to Space Station

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Dec 2, 2016

The following is a statement from NASA Administrator Charles Bolden on ESAs (European Space Agencys) decision to continue its operations aboard the International Space Station: Read full story.

NASA Education News

NASA Announces Early Stage Innovation Space Technology Research Grants

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Dec 2, 2016

NASA has selected 13 university-led proposals for the study of innovative, early stage technologies that address high priority needs of America's space program. Read full story.

NASA Invites Media to Talk with Cast of Hidden Figures at Kennedy Space Center

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Dec 1, 2016

Media are invited to NASAs Kennedy Space Center in Florida to participate in a news conference at 3 p.m. EST Monday, Dec. 12, with cast members from the 20th Century Fox motion picture Hidden Figures. Read full story.

Real People Behind Hidden Figures, Stars Join NASA to Mark Anniversary, Celebration of Diversity

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Nov 22, 2016

NASA will kick off a yearlong centennial celebration for its Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, with events Thursday, Dec. 1 highlighting the critical work done by the African American women of Langleys West Computing Unit, a story told in the book and upcoming movie Hidden Figures. Read full story.

Colorado Students to Speak with NASA Astronaut on Space Station

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Nov 16, 2016

Students in Wheat Ridge, Colorado, will have the opportunity to speak with a NASA astronaut currently living and working aboard the International Space Station at 12:40 p.m. EST Friday, Nov. 18. The 20-minute, Earth-to-space call will air live on NASA Television and the agencys website. Read full story.

Washington Students to Speak with NASA Astronaut on Space Station

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Oct 27, 2016

Students will gather at National Geographics headquarters in Washington for an opportunity to speak with a NASA astronaut currently living and working aboard the International Space Station. at noon EDT Thursday, Nov. 3. The 20-minute, Earth-to-space call will air live on NASA Television and the agencys website. Read full story.

NASA Image of the Day

Oceanic Nonlinear Internal Solitary Waves From the Lombok Strait

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Dec 7, 2016

On November 1, 2016, NASAs Aqua satellite passed over Indonesia, allowing the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on board to capture a stunning true-color image of oceanic nonlinear internal solitary waves from the Lombok Strait. Read full story.

Sahara Desert From the Space Station's EarthKAM

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Dec 6, 2016

Middle school students programmed a camera aboard the International Space Station -- the Sally Ride EarthKAM -- to photograph this portion of the Sahara desert in western Libya on October 3, 2016. The Expedition 50 crew set up the EarthKAM gear in the Harmony modules Earth-facing hatch window, to allow students to photograph targets on Earth. Read full story.

Chaos at Hyperion

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Dec 5, 2016

The moon Hyperion tumbles as it orbits Saturn. Read full story.

Hidden Figures Premiere and Award Ceremony

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Dec 2, 2016

Actress Octavia Spencer, left, who plays Dorothy Vaughan in the film "Hidden Figures" and NASA Administrator Charles Bolden, right, greets NASA "human computer" Katherine Johnson, at a reception to honor NASA's "human computers" on Thursday, Dec. 1, 2016, at the Virginia Air and Space Center in Hampton, VA. Read full story.

Rift in Antarctica's Larsen C Ice Shelf

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Dec 1, 2016

On Nov. 10, 2016, scientists on NASA's IceBridge mission photographed an oblique view of a massive rift in the Antarctic Peninsula's Larsen C ice shelf. Icebridge, an airborne survey of polar ice, completed an eighth consecutive Antarctic deployment on Nov. 18. Read full story.

International Space Station Reports

ISS Daily Summary Report 12/06/2016

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Dec 6, 2016

Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS) Operations: Monday afternoon and overnight, Robotics Ground Controllers powered up the Mobile Serving System (MSS) and configured the SSRMS and Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) Arm2 for translation. They then translated the Mobile Transporter (MT) translation from Worksite(WS)7 to WS5, stowed the SPDM on the Lab, and walked the SSRMS onto Node 2. As part of HTV-6 pre-launch checkouts, Diagnostics and Checkouts of the Payload Orbital Replacement Unit (ORU) Accommodation (POA) (on Prime String) and SSRMS LEE were performed along with the brakes Diagnostics (on both Strings). Afterward, a checkout of the SSRMS Latch End Effector (LEE) Dual Stage Carriage Rates (DSCR) and the POA diagnostics and checkouts on the redundant power string were performed. H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV) Onboard Training (OBT): Today, the Robotics Ground Controllers powered up the MSS in preparation for the HTV-6 Offset Grapples Practice Session. During the training session, the crew practiced maneuvering the SSRMS into the grapple envelope of the Permanent Multipurpose Module (PMM) PDGF. They performed this maneuver several times and then performed a run during which the Robotics Ground Controllers safed the SSRMS to simulate a failure.After the Offset Grapples practice session, the SSRMS was maneuvered to the HTV-6 High Hover position ready for HTV-6 capture scheduled for 13-December. Fluid Shifts: Today was the first of two days of Flight Day 45 (FD45) Fluid Shifts operations performed in the Russian Segment, utilizing the Lower Body Negative Pressure (LBNP/Chibis). The subject donned the Chibis device, and while the crewmember was exposed to the negative pressure (pulling the fluid feetward), the operator, with remote guidance from Houston, performed arterial and venous measurements of the head and neck; cardiac, ophthalmic, and portal vein measurements; and tissue thickness of various body parts using the Human Research Facility (HRF) ultrasound. The crew then deconfigured the ultrasound, and configured the Cerebral and Cochlear Fluid Pressure (CCFP) and Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emissions (DPOAE) for tomorrows operations. Fluid Shifts investigates the causes for severe and lasting physical changes to astronaut’s eyes. Because the headward fluid shift is a hypothesized contributor to these changes, reversing this fluid shift with a lower body negative pressure device is investigated as a possible intervention. Results from this study may help to develop preventative measures against lasting changes in vision and eye damage. Fine Motor Skills: The crew performed their FD20 Fine Motor Skills tests, performing a series of interactive tasks on a touchscreen tablet. The investigation studies how fine motor skills are effected by long-term microgravity exposure, different phases of microgravity adaptation, and sensorimotor recovery after returning to Earth gravity. The goal of Fine Motor Skills is to answer how fine motor performance in microgravity trend/vary over the duration of a six-month and year-long space mission; how fine motor performance on orbit compare with that of a closely matched participant on Earth; and how performance trend/vary before and after gravitational transitions, including the periods of early flight adaptation, and very early/near immediate post-flight periods. Electrostatic Levitation Furnace (ELF) Sample Holder Exchange: On December 2, the crew removed the samples from the ELF Work Volume and cleaned the internal chamber. Today, the sample cartridge was removed and replaced with a new sample and then reconnected and integrated in the ELF. The Electrostatic Levitation Furnace (ELF) is an experimental facility designed to levitate/melt/solidify materials by containerless processing techniques using the Electrostatic Levitation method. With this facility, thermophysical properties of high temperature melts can be measured, and solidification from deeply undercooled melts can be achieved. The ELF is located in the JEM Multipurpose Small Payload Rack (MSPR) in Kibo. Optical Payload for Lasercomm Science (OPALS): Today, ground controllers will uplink a patch to the OPALS software, in an attempt to recover capability. In July 2016, the laser modulation card that supplies data input to the OPALS laser failed. The option of continuous wave laser operations (continuous ON rather than ON/OFF modulation) was investigated by the OPALS team and forward plan was approved by the Payload Safety Review Panel (PSRP). During an attempted pass in September 2016, the laser unit was powered on with telemetry indicating nominal performance. However, the OPALS flight software entered safe mode (with reboot) once the first laser command was sent. Further investigation determined that the RS-422 commanding interface to the laser unit is not initialized in Version 1.4 in the event the laser modulation card is not detected. The Version 1.5 update fixes this bug by initializing the RS-422 commanding interface when the laser modulation card is not detected. OPALS tests the potential for using a laser to transmit data to Earth from space. Instead of being broadcast on radio waves, data is packaged onto beams of laser light and hardware on the ISS will point the laser to a receiver station on the ground. Radio waves transmission is limited by the speed that it can transfer data, but beaming information packages with lasers can greatly increase the amount of information transmitted over the same period of time. Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) Airlock (AL) Repress: Following a week of Robotics External Leak Locator (RELL) operations, last weekend the Robotics Ground Team installed the RELL on the slide table followed by the slide table being retracted back into the JEM AL. Earlier today the crew pressurized and performed a leak check of the JEM AL. Tomorrow the crew is scheduled to remove the JEM ORU Xfer I/F (JOTI) and RELL from the slide table. Oxygen Generator System (OGS) Flow Measurements: Last night the Oxygen Generation Assembly (OGA) was commanded to Standby due to low air flow in the rack as measured by crew. This morning the crew repeated the flow measurements for the OGS Avionics Air Assembly (AAA). Todays readings indicated 6.6 cubic feet per minute (cfm) which is nominal. No AAA cleaning is required at this time, and OGS has been reactivated. Todays Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. Acoustic Dosimeter Setup Day 2 Fine Motor Skills Experiment Test – Subject FLUID SHIFTS. […] Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report 12/05/2016

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Dec 5, 2016

Human Research Program (HRP) collections and operations: Over the weekend, the crew continued sample collections for Biochem Profile, Repository, and Cardio Ox investigations. This morning the Cardio Ox subject donned an Electrocardiogram (ECG) and with operator assistance performed ultrasound scans of the Brachial and Carotid arteries. The Biochem Profile experiment tests blood and urine samples obtained from astronauts before, during and after spaceflight. Specific proteins and chemicals in the samples are used as biomarkers, or indicators of health. Post-flight analysis yields a database of samples and test results, which scientists can use to study the effects of spaceflight on the body. Repository is a storage bank that is used to maintain biological specimens over extended periods of time and under well-controlled conditions. This investigation archives biosamples for use as a resource for future space flight related research. Cardio Ox determines whether biological markers of oxidative and inflammatory stress are elevated during and after space flight and whether this results in an increased, long-term risk of atherosclerosis in astronauts. At Home in Space: The crew answered the first of two At Home in Space questionnaires, the second to be scheduled at roughly Return-30 days (R-30). The Canadian Space Agency (CSA) experiment, At Home in Space assesses culture, values, and psychosocial adaptation of astronauts to a space environment shared by multinational crews on long-duration missions. It is hypothesized that astronauts develop a shared space culture that is an adaptive strategy for handling cultural differences and they deal with the isolated confined environment of the space craft by creating a home in space. At Home In Space uses a questionnaire battery to investigate individual and culturally related differences, family functioning, values, coping with stress, and post-experience growth. Galley Rack Mod Kit Utility Outlet Panel (UOP) Power Cable Routing: The crew routed the UOP Power Cable for the Galley Rack from the Node 1 (N1) Port Hatch location to the Galley Rack Utility Interface Panel (UIP). This is one of several mod kit procedures to install power, data, cooling, and general outfitting of the Galley Rack prior to the activation of the N1 Galley rack and associated relocation of the Potable Water Dispenser (PWD) and Microgravity Experiment Research Locker Incubators (MERLINs) from the Lab to Node 1. Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) Cooling Loop Maintenance: The crew completed EMU 3003 and 3008 cooling loop maintenance. The maintenance included an ionic and particulate filtration (scrubbing) and biocidal maintenance (iodination) of both EMU suits and the Airlock cooling water loops. On-Board Training (OBT) Robotics On-Board Trainer (ROBoT): The crew performed a training session during which they completed three HTV capture point hold runs. During this training session the crew practiced free drift timing, malfunction responses, and nominal rate approaches. This activity is in preparation for HII Transfer Vehicle 6 (HTV-6) capture currently planned on 13-December. Robotic External Leak Locator (RELL) Operations: Over the weekend Robotics Ground Controllers powered up the Mobile Serving System (MSS) cameras and lights and maneuvered Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS) and Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) Arm1 as required to perform a second RELL survey of Radiator Beam Valve Module 1 (RBVM1) to gather more data as RELL spotted ammonia in this area on GMT 336-337. The SSRMS and SPDM were than maneuvered to install RELL on the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM) Airlock Slide Table. After the Japanese Experiment Module Orbital Replaceable Unit Transfer Interface (JOTI) was closed on RELL, SPDM Orbital Replaceable Unit (ORU) Tool Changeout Mechanism 1 (OTCM1) released RELL. MSS was maneuvered to park position, while JEM Slide table was retracted into the airlock with the RELL. Todays Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. ARED Software Familiarization Acoustic Dosimeter Setup Day 1 Ultrasound 2 HRF Rack 1 Setup Power On Health Maintenance System (HMS) Spaceflight Cognitive Assessment Tool for Windows (WinSCAT) Test ARED Software Familiarization Cardio Ox Ultrasound Preparation EveryWear Biometric Patch charging Cardio Ox Ultrasound Operations Study Of Cardiac Bioelectric Activity At Rest PILOT-T. Photography during Experiment Ops maintenance Cardio Ox CDL Holter Arterial BP Unit Battery Installation – Subject Cardio Ox CDL Holter Arterial BP Measurement – Subject Health Maintenance System (HMS) Spaceflight Cognitive Assessment Tool for Windows (WinSCAT) Test Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (RGN) WSTA Fill Cardio Ox CDL Holter Arterial BP Hardware Doff – Subject At Home In Space Questionnaire Environmental Health System (EHS) Total Organic Carbon Analyzer (TOCA) Water Recovery System (WRS) Sample Analysis DAN. Experiment Ops. Tagup with specialists Galley Rack Mod Kit Utility Outlet Panel (UOP) Power Cable Routing Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (RGN) WSTA Fill Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) Recycle Tank Fill Part 3 BAR. Experiment Ops Galley Utility Outlet Panel (UOP) Assist Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) Cooling Loop Maintenance Exercise data D/L via OCA -2 Log file D/L -1 (pos. A301) Temperature Measurement. Environmental Health System (EHS) Total Organic Carbon Analyzer (TOCA) Sample Data Record SM Interior Panels Locks Audit Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) Cooling Loop Maintenance – Post Scrub Water Sample Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (RGN) WSTA Fill MRM2 comm config to support the Experiment Ops Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) Cooling Loop Maintenance KULONOVSKIY KRISTALL. Experiment Ops Robotic Workstation (RWS) Setup On-board Training (OBT) HTV Robotics Onboard Trainer (ROBoT) Session 1 MRM2 Comm Reconfig for Nominal Ops -1 (pos. A301) Temperature Measurement. Packed Bed Reactor Experiment Lab Video Setup Fluid Shifts Hardware USOS Gather KULONOVSKIY KRISTALL. Data Copy and Downlink Data MRM1 1, 2 Cartridges Replacement (1__4 433-14 (00058352R). Update IMS) FLUID SHIFTS. Connecting Ultrasound Equipment to Power Outlet SM Interior Panels Locks Audit EVA Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) Cooling Loop Scrub Deconfiguration Fluid Shifts Hardware RSOS Transfer Fluid Shifts Ultrasound Service Module Setup N2 Nadir Hatch to Unlatch Hardstop Packed Bed Reactor Experiment Lab Video Return Completed Task List Items EVA Tool Gather for S4 Battery R&R [Completed Saturday] Laptop Hardware Trash [Completed Saturday] Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) Frame Relabel [Completed Saturday] Plug-in Plan (PiP) – Deploy Multi-Port […] Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report 12/02/2016

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Dec 2, 2016

Robotic External Leak Locator (RELL) Operations: Overnight, RELL checkout and demonstration was performed by performing scans of the Port 1 Truss (P1) Truss Radiator Beam Valve Modules (RBVMs), and the P1 Ammonia (NH3) Vent. Today the Robotics Ground Controllers are performing the Pump Flow and Control Subsystem (PFCS) survey. Once the PFCS survey is complete, the Space Station Remote Manipulator System (SSRMS) and Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator (SPDM) will be maneuvered to a translation configuration. The Mobile Transporter (MT) will then be translated to Worksite 6 in order for RELL to perform a survey of the Zenith 1 (Z1) truss segment. RELL is an instrumentation package that is maneuvered externally by the SSRMS/SPDM to detect local pressure variations to help in locating a leak. For this demonstration, a predetermined scan/survey procedure will be executed that characterized the ISS environment and scans various ISS elements containing ammonia lines and systems. Planned operations will attempt to identify the source of the white flakes that have been noticed on downlink video. Combustion Integrated Rack (CIR) Multi-user Droplet Combustion Apparatus Chamber (MDCA) Troubleshooting: On Friday, November 25th (GMT 330), the crew attempted to perform a Fluids and Combustion Facility (FCF) MDCA component replacement in preparation for upcoming science, however the crew was unable to remove the Chamber Insert Assembly (CIA). Today the crew performed investigative troubleshooting to determine the location of the obstruction. The troubleshooting consisted of utilizing a fiberscope to view down the rails of the CIA, and a tool to slide down the rail to determine the location of the obstruction. Veg-03: The crew performed their first harvest of Outredgeous Red Romaine Lettuce from the Veggie facility. This first of four harvests is part of a new paradigm of harvesting entitled Cut and Come Again were the astronaut will only harvest the outer leaves allowing for an attempt at a longer growth of the plants. After wiping the leaves with a food-grade antibacterial wipe, the crew consumed the leaves. The four harvests will occur over a 60-day growth period. The overall goal of Veg-03 is to further demonstrate proof-of concept for the Veggie plant growth chamber and the planting pillows using Outregous Red Romaine lettuce. Future long-duration missions into the solar system, will require a fresh food supply to supplement crew diets, which means growing crops in space. Previous investigations focused on improving productivity in controlled environments, but the limited quarters of the space shuttle and ISS made it difficult to conduct large-scale crop production tests. Veg-03 expands on previous validation tests of the new Veggie hardware, which crew members will soon use to grow cabbage, lettuce and other fresh vegetables in space. Tests determine which types of microorganisms are present in space-grown cabbage, providing baseline data for future crop-growing efforts. Behavioral health surveys assess the impact of growing plants on crew morale and mood. Human Research Program (HRP) Blood Collection: The crew performed their Flight Day 15 blood collections and then stowed them into the Minus Eighty-degree Freezer for ISS (MELF). These sample collections will be used to support the Biochem Profile, Repository, and Cardio Ox investigations. The Biochem Profile experiment tests blood and urine samples obtained from astronauts before, during and after spaceflight. Specific proteins and chemicals in the samples are used as biomarkers, or indicators of health. Post-flight analysis yields a database of samples and test results, which scientists can use to study the effects of spaceflight on the body. Repository is a storage bank that is used to maintain biological specimens over extended periods of time and under well-controlled conditions. This investigation archives biosamples for use as a resource for future space flight related research. Cardio Ox determines whether biological markers of oxidative and inflammatory stress are elevated during and after space flight and whether this results in an increased, long-term risk of atherosclerosis in astronauts. Electrostatic Levitation Furnace (ELF) Operations: The crew removed the samples from the ELF work volume then cleaned the internal chamber of sample residue. ELF was then put back into an operational configuration. The Electrostatic Levitation Furnace (ELF) is an experimental facility designed to levitate/melt/solidify materials by containerless processing techniques using the Electrostatic Levitation method. With this facility, thermophysical properties of high temperature melts can be measured, and solidification from deeply undercooled melts can be achieved. The ELF is located in the JEM Multipurpose Small Payload Rack (MSPR) in Kibo. Space Automated Bioproduct Laboratory (SABL2) CO2 Controller Installation: The crew installed the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Incubator Controller brought up by OA-5 into the SABL. Following the installation, ground controllers performed checkout operations of the new hardware. SABL supports a wide variety of experiments in the life, physical and material sciences with a focus on supporting research of biological systems and processes. It has over 23 liters of temperature controlled volume with LED lighting for scientific hardware and experiments. It can be fitted to provide 5% CO2 for cell cultures and has 2 USB 2.0 ports and 2 ethernet LAN connections. It also has switchable 28vdc and 5vdc power supplies for experiment use. On-board Training (OBT) HII Transfer Vehicle (HTV) Rendezvous Review: In preparation for HTV-6 arrival scheduled for later this month, the crew participated in a conference with ground teams to discuss the training session and address any questions. The crew then performed their proficiency training session, covering the mission profile, the rendezvous crew procedures and crew interfaces for monitoring and commanding. Todays Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. HRF Generic Frozen Blood Collection HRF Generic Refrigerated Centrifuge Configuration HRF Generic Refrigerated Centrifuge Spin Conclude Space Automated Bioproduct Lab, CO2 Incubator Installation XF305 Camcorder Setup Electrostatic Levitation Furnace(ELF) chamber cleaning & sample holder exchange HRF Generic Sample MELFI Insertion Electrostatic Levitation Furnace(ELF) Sample Cartridge Retrieval HRF Generic Frozen Blood Collection Conclude Stow CIR Multi-user Droplet Combustion Apparatus Chamber Inlet Assembly Troubleshooting Electrostatic Levitation Furnace(ELF) Sample Holder Exchange [Deferred] Electrostatic Levitation Furnace(ELF) chamber cleaning & sample holder exchange Part 3 maintenance Health Maintenance System (HMS) Periodic Health Status (PHS) […] Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report 12/01/2016

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Dec 1, 2016

65 Progress (65P) Launch: 65P launched from the Baikonur, Kazakhstan Cosmodrome today at 8:51 am CST. Telemetry indicated that the 3rd stage separation occurred a little more than 2 minutes early. Telemetry over Russian Ground Sites (RGS) was lost earlier than expected. Communication with the vehicle was never reacquired with the vehicle. The 65P vehicle and all cargo is considered lost. A Russian State Commission will convene to investigate the anomaly. Robotic External Leak Locator (RELL) Operations: Today, RELL checkout and demonstration continues with scans of the Port 1 Truss (P1) Truss Radiator Beam Valve Modules (RBVMs), and the P1 Ammonia (NH3). RELL is an instrumentation package that is maneuvered externally by the SSRMS/SPDM to detect local pressure variations to help in locating a leak. For this demonstration, a predetermined scan/survey procedure will be executed that characterized the ISS environment and scans various ISS elements containing ammonia lines and systems. Planned operations later this week will also attempt to identify the source of the white flakes that have been noticed on downlink video. Synchronized Position Hold, Engage, Reorient, Experimental Satellites Tether Demonstration (SPHERES Tether Demo): The crew conducted a conference with the ground team then setup and checkout the SPHERES, the work area in the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM), and the EXpedite PRocessing of Experiments to Space Station (EXPRESS) Laptop Computer (ELC) prior to testing. The crew loaded the test specific software to the satellites and executed the first of two test sessions with ground support teams. The goal of the SPHERES Tether Demo is to study the dynamics of a tethered capture object and a space tug chase vehicle, improving computer programs and modeling needed for removing space debris as well as capturing scientific samples from other planets. Sarcolab-3 Deconfigure and Stow: After the successful completion of the Flight Day (FD) 5-10 sessions on Tuesday and Wednesday, the crew deconfigured and stowed the Muscle Atrophy Research & Exercise System (MARES). Today, the crew verified and downlinked the data and stowed the remaining ancillary Sarcolab-3 hardware. The next session will be in the FD 30-60 window. Myotendinous and Neuromuscular Adaptation to Long-term Spaceflight (Sarcolab) investigates the adaptation and deterioration of the soleus, or calf muscle, where it joins the Achilles tendon, which links it to the heel and carries loads from the entire body. Muscle fiber samples are taken from crew members before and after flight, and analyzed for changes in structural and chemical properties. MRI and ultrasound tests and electrode stimulation are conducted to help assess muscle and tendon changes caused by microgravity exposure. Aerosol Sampler: The crew closed the drawers on the passive samplers located in the various USOS modules. The Aerosol Sampling Experiment (Aerosol Sampler) collects airborne particles in the ISS cabin air, and is returned to Earth so scientists can study the particles with powerful microscopes. For this experiment, particles collected on the cabin air samples are analyzed using a variety of microscopic techniques including: light microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, computer controlled scanning electron microscopy; and scanning transmission electron microscopy. Packed Bed Reactor Experiment (PBRE) Setup: The crew configured the PBRE hardware components and connected the hoses and cables within the Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG). This module is scheduled to run for approximately three weeks in the MSG. PBRE studies the behavior of gases and liquids when they flow simultaneously through a column filled with fixed porous media. The porous media or packing can be made of different shapes and materials and are used widely in chemical engineering as a means to enhance the contact between two immiscible fluid phases (e.g., liquid-gas, water-oil, etc.). Packed columns can serve as reactors, scrubbers, strippers, etc. in systems where efficient interphase contact is desired, both on Earth and in space. Todays Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. ISS Crew and (RSA Flight Control Team) weekly conference HTV HARDWARE COMMAND PANEL (HCP) and HCP Power/Data Cables Setup Inventory Management System (IMS) conference Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) Recycle Tank Drain MARES payload and laptop start up Download of BRI log from RSS1 ALGOMETRIYA. Pressure and Thermal Algometry preparation for and measurement session MELFI Overview OBT Dose Tracker Data Entry Subject HTV PROX Switch ON Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) Recycle Tank Drain Part 2 MARES Guided Data Export SPLANKH. Terminate EGEG Recording. Closeout Ops. Tagup with specialists Removal and Relocation of Payload Complement () hardware to MRM2 (- No.02 and No.04). Tagup with specialists as necessary SPLANKH. Photography of the Experiment Session Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (RGN) WSTA Fill Aerosol Passive Samplers Drawer 1 Closure Flushing Progress 433 (DC1) Rodnik H2O Tank 1 and Tank 2 H2O connectors 1, B2 MRM2 comm config to support the P/L Ops KULONOVSKIY KRISTALL. Hardware Setup and Configuration. Tagup with specialists SPHERES Payload OBT Removal and Relocation of Payload Complement () hardware from MRM1 to FGB (3 rack modules with fasteners and narrow bridge-frame with fasteners). Tagup with specialists as necessary USOS IVA Hatch Window Cover Audit Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (RGN) WSTA Fill SPHERES Crew Conference MARES knee configuration deinstallation KULONOVSKIY KRISTALL. Experiment Ops. Tagup with specialists SPHERES Test Session Setup Active camera temperature monitoring and - No.4 deactivation MRM2 Comm Reconfig for Nominal Ops Crew time for ISS adaptation and orientation KULONOVSKIY KRISTALL. Copy and Downlink Data via RSPI Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (RGN) WSTA Fill HTV HARDWARE COMMAND PANEL(HCP) SELFCHECK (Side B) ESA Weekly crew conference ALGOMETRIYA. Pressure Algometry Measurement Ops MARES files transfer verification and shutdown Regenerative Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) Recycle Tank Fill Part 3 Removal and Relocation of Payload Complement () hardware from MRM1 to FGB (2 rack modules with fasteners and narrow bridge-frame with fasteners). Tagup with specialists as necessary HTV HARDWARE COMMAND PANEL(HCP) SELFCHECK (Side A) Packed Bed Reactor Experiment Hardware Setup SPHERES Payload OBT SPHERES Tether Demo Test Run EPM Laptop relocation for files downlink preparation Crew time for ISS […] Read full story.

ISS Daily Summary Report 11/30/2016

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Nov 30, 2016

Robotic External Leak Locator (RELL) Operations: Yesterday, Ground Controllers used the SPDM to remove the RELL from the JEMAL Slide Table. A checkout was performed by pointing RELL towards deep space in order to scan a clean environment as a baseline. Today, RELL performed background scans along the Port 1 (P1) truss segment in order to establish a baseline for the ISS environment. Overnight, RELL will be pointed near truss radiators to characterize the ISS environment near structure. RELL is an instrumentation package that is maneuvered externally by the SSRMS/SPDM to detect local pressure variations to help in locating a leak. For this demonstration, a predetermined scan/survey procedure will be executed that characterized the ISS environment and scans various ISS elements containing ammonia lines and systems. Planned operations later this week will also attempt to identify the source of the white flakes that have been noticed on downlink video. Marangoni Setup: The crew performed the third day of Marangoni setup for the Marangoni Ultrasonic Velocity Profilers (UVP2) experiment. Todays operations included a Strobolamp exchange within the Ryutai Racks Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) followed by configuration of the 2-Dimensional (2-D) and 3-D cameras within the FPEF. Spatio-temporal Flow Structure in Marangoni Convection (Marangoni-UVP) investigates the fundamental physics of surface tension where liquid and gas meet. Specifically, it investigates a phenomenon known as Marangoni convection, a type of flow that is driven by temperature differences at the liquid and gas interface. The FPEF enables observations of liquid and gas flow in three dimensions, and the microgravity environment on the ISS provides an ideal setting to study convection. Improved understanding of liquid flow physics could lead to more efficient industrial processes, semiconductors, optical materials and biological materials for use in space and on Earth. Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument Experiment Diffusion Coefficient Mixture (SODI DCMix)-3 Stow: Following the successful completion of the SODI DCMix-3 experiment the crew removed the experiment from the Microgravity Science Glovebox (MSG) and returned the MSG to its nominal configuration. Tomorrow the crew will install the Packed Bed Reactor Experiment (PBRE) in the MSG. The SODI DCMix-3 investigation measures the diffusion coefficients of selected ternary mixtures taking advantage of the reduced gravity environment available on board the ISS. A combination of different and complementary techniques are used to characterize flight candidate samples among water-based and hydrocarbon mixtures. Experimental results from space experiments, performed in the Selectable Optical Diagnostic Instrument, are used to test thermodiffusion theories and develop physical and mathematical models for the estimation of thermo-diffusion coefficients. Sarcolab-3: The second operational day for the Sarcolab-3 experiment began with converting the Muscle Atrophy Research & Exercise System (MARES) from the ankle measurement configuration to the knee measurement configuration. Once the setup was completed the subject donned the Percutaneus Electrical Muscle Stimulator (PEMS) and Electromyography (EMG) electrodes, to stimulate and measure calf muscle and tendon response at the back of the knee (calf muscle origin). During the knee joint evaluation, the subject sat on the MARES dynamometer with the chair and pantograph set to obtain knee flexion and extension from 90 degree knee angle to full extension with the knee torque adapter securely fixed to the shin. The inflight data will be compared to preflight and postflight measurements to measure the impact of a hypothesized microgravity induced muscle loss. Myotendinous and Neuromuscular Adaptation to Long-term Spaceflight (Sarcolab) investigates the adaptation and deterioration of the soleus, or calf muscle, where it joins the Achilles tendon, which links it to the heel and carries loads from the entire body. Muscle fiber samples are taken from crew members before and after flight, and analyzed for changes in structural and chemical properties. MRI and ultrasound tests and electrode stimulation are conducted to help assess muscle and tendon changes caused by microgravity exposure. Crew Health Care System (CHeCS) Emergency Health Maintenance System Contingency Drill Training: During this onboard training session the crew reviewed procedures, hardware and communication methods necessary to manage a medical emergency onboard ISS. Emergency medical equipment was deployed during the training session for the crew to practice Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) positioning to ensure familiarity with procedure execution should a medical emergency occur. Todays Planned Activities All activities were completed unless otherwise noted. SPLANKH. SPLANKHOGRAPH Setup. EGEG Recording (start). Body Measures Experiment Operations – Subject ESA ACTIVE DOSIMETER MOBILE UNIT SWAP XF305 Camcorder Setup Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) Lamp Exchange MARES Knee Shaving Preparation Body Measures Experiment Operations – Operator Samsung Tablets Charging in Soyuz 732 (start) SARCOLAB (MARES). MARES Hardware Installation (Knee) Marangoni Inside (MI) Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) Setup maintenance SPLANKH. EGEG Recording (end). Closeout Operations. SODI Big Picture Word Review SODI Hardware Stow Alternate EMG electrodes installation and Sarcolab knee protocol execution SARCOLAB (MARES). Assistance during Electrodes Installation and Signal Test (Knee) Photo/TV. Camcorder Settings Verification Samsung Tablets Charging in Soyuz 732 (end) Monitoring of -1 Sensors Installation Photo/TV Camcorder Setup Verification FGB 11156 Devices Diagnostics. Marangoni Inside (MI) Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) Cable Connection SSC18 (FGB). Wireless Connection Switch Off SARCOLAB (MARES). MARES Hardware and Laptop Deactivation Diagnostics of Filter Unit -2 Device and Main Bus Assembly -2 of the FGB Power Supply System. OTKLIK. Hardware Monitoring Preparation of -2 for Removal Dose Tracker Data Entry Subject USOS IVA Hatch Window Cover Audit VZAIMODEISTVIYE-2. Experiment Operations Fluid Physics Experiment Facility (FPEF) Load Connector Removal Public Affairs Office (PAO) High Definition (HD) Config Columbus Setup PAO Preparation Photo T/V (P/TV) Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) Exercise Video Setup CHeCS Emergency Health Maintenance System Contingency Drill Training Public Affairs Office (PAO) Event in High Definition (HD) in Columbus Photo/TV Camcorder Setup Verification ISS Crew Orientation SSC18 (FBG). Connect to WiFi ECG Recording (end) 24-Hour ECG Recording (start) Crew Medical Officer (CMO) On Board Training (OBT) Photo T/V (P/TV) Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) Exercise Video Stow -2 Tension Measurement System Test. Onboard Training (OBT) Robotics On-board Trainer (ROBoT) Setup SPLANKH. Experiment Prep Aerosol Samplers Cartridge Removal Completed Task List Items Galley UOP Gather VEG03 Pillow […] Read full story.

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